Page:Transportation and colonization.djvu/57

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AND COLONIZATION.

43

Character and origin of the population of New South Wales in 1820.
Free emigrants 1,307
Adults born in the colony 1,495
Children 5,668
Convicts in actual bondage 9,451
 Do.  holding tickets of leave 1,422
 Do.  free by servitude 3,255
 Do.  pardoned 1,121
Persons employed in colonial vessels 220


Character and origin of the population of Van Dieman's Land in 1820.
Free emigrants 714
Adults born in the colony 185
Children 1,020
Convicts 2,588
 Do.  holding tickets of leave 68
 Do.  free by servitude 62
 Do.  pardoned 231


Such, therefore, was the character and origin of the actual population of New South Wales at the close of the thirty-third year of the existence of that colony, as the principal penal settlement of the British empire. Of a population of 23,939 persons at that period, there were only 1307 of the class of free emigrants, while not fewer than