was later extended to Canada, and in 1903 the name of the organization was changed to International Union of Elevator Constructors. A jurisdictional dispute with the International Union of Building Service Employees over elevator operators and starters ended in 1922 with a decision by the American Federation of Labor granting the jurisdiction over these workers to the elevator workers.
Objects. — "The object of the international union shall be to bind together and unite the locals of which it is composed for mutual interest and protection."
Territorial jurisdiction. — United States and Canada.
Trade jurisdiction. — "The construction, installation, and operation of elevators and elevator machinery. Specifically: Hydraulic, steam, electric, belt; hand power, or compressed air; also assembling and building escalators or traveling stairways; the assembling of all cars complete; putting up of all guides, either of wood or iron; the setting of all tanks, whether pressure, open, or pit tanks; the setting of all pumps (where pumps arrive on job in parts they are to be assembled by members of this union); all electric work connected with car, machinery, and hoisting; all overhead work, either of wood or iron, and supports for same where required; the setting of all templets; all automatic gates; all indicators; all foundations, either of wood or iron, that would take the place of masonry; the assembling of all hydraulic parts in connection with elevators; all locking devices in connection with elevators; the boring, drilling, and sinking of all plunger elevators; all link-belt carriers; all air cushions, with the exception of those built of brick or those put together with hot rivets; the operating of all temporary cars, and all work in general pertaining to the erection and equipment of an elevator complete."
Government. — 1. General executive board, composed of president (who is also chief organizer), secretary-treasurer, and eight vice presidents. The general executive board shall decide all points of law, all grievances and appeals submitted to it in legal form, and their decisions shall be binding as law until reversed by a convention. The executive board shall meet annually, and may submit new legislation and rules to referendum vote.
2. Local unions: Autonomy not defined by constitution.
3. Convention: Time indeterminate. Elects general officers. Constitution may be amended only by convention.
Qualifications for membership. — All persons employed within the jurisdiction are elegible to membership.
Apprenticeship regulations. — Three-year term. One apprentice to each shop and one additional for each eight mechanics employed in the shop.
Agreements. — Negotiated locally on terms embraced in a mutual agreement drawn up by a joint committee representing the manufacturers and the international union. Local agreements signed by the general executive board.
Benefits. — Strike.
Official organ. — The Elevator Constructor.
Headquarters. — 191 Joralemon Street, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Organization. — Local unions only; operators and starters have separate locals: United States — Alabama, 1; Arkansas, 1; California, 4; Colorado, 1; Connecticut, 1; District of Columbia, 1; Florida, 3; Georgia, 1; Illinois, 4; Indiana, 3; Iowa, 2; Kentucky, 1; Louisiana, 1; Maryland, 1; Massachusetts, 3; Michigan, 4; Minnesota, 2; Missouri, 2; Montana, 1; Nebraska, 1; New Jersey, 1; New York, 6; North Carolina, 1; Ohio, 6; Oklahoma, 2; Oregon, 1; Pennsylvania, 7; Rhode Island, 1; Tennessee, 3; Texas, 4; Virginia, 2; Washington, 1; West Virginia, 3; Wisconsin, 1. Canada — British Columbia, 1; Ontario, 2; Quebec, 1. Total, 81.
Membership. — 18,000.
Engineers, International Union of Operating
Affiliated to the American Federation of Labor.
Organized December 7, 1896, in St. Louis, Mo. At the American Federation of Labor convention of 1896 there were in attendance four engineers representing other trades. They conceived the idea