100 STAT. 3560
PUBLIC LAW 99-641—NOV. 10, 1986
SEC. 109. LEVERAGE TRANSACTIONS.
Section 19 of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 23) is amended to read as follows: Contracts. "SEC. 19. (a) Except as authorized under subsection (b), no person shall offer to enter into, enter into, or confirm the execution of, any transaction for the delivery of any commodity under a standardized contract commonly known to the trade as a margin account, margin contract, leverage account, or leverage contract, or under any contract, account, arrangement, scheme, or device that the Commission determines serves the same function or functions as such a standardized contract, or is marketed or managed in substantially the same manner as such a standardized contract. Metals. "(b)(1) Subject to paragraph (2), no person shall offer to enter into, Regulations. enter into, or confirm the execution of, any transaction for the Fraud. delivery of silver bullion, gold bullion, bulk silver coins, bulk gold coins, or platinum under a standardized contract described in subsection (a), contrary to the terms of any rule, regulation, or order that the Commission shall prescribe, which may include terms designed to ensure the financial solvency of the transaction or prevent manipulation or fraud. Such rule, regulation, or order may be made only after notice and opportunity for hearing. The Commission may set different terms and conditions for transactions involving different commodities. "(2) No person may engage in any activity described in paragraph (1) who is not permitted to engage in such activity, by the rules, regulations, and orders of the Commission in effect on the date of the enactment of the Futures Trading Act of 1986, until the Commission permits such person to engage in such activity in accordance with regulations issued in accordance with subsection (0(2). "(c)(1)(A) Not later than 2 years after the date of the enactment of the Futures Trading Act of 1986, the Commission shall— "(i) with the assistance of a futures association registered under this Act, conduct a survey concerning the persons interested in engaging in the business of offering to enter into, entering into, or confirming the execution of, the transactions described in subsection (b)(1); and Reports. "(ii) transmit a report of the results of the survey to the Committee on Agriculture of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry of the Senate. Reports. "(B) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, for purposes of completing such report the Commission may direct, by rule, regulation, or order, a futures association registered under this Act to render such assistance as the Commission shall specify. Reports. "(C) Such report shall include the findings and any recommendations of the Commission concerning— "(i) whether such transactions serve an economic purpose; "(ii) the most efficient manner, consistent with the public interest, to permit additional persons to engage in the business j.,_ of offering to enter into, entering into, and confirming the execution of such transactions; and "(iii) the appropriate regulatory scheme to govern such transg actions to ensure the financial solvency of such transactions and to prevent manipulation or fraud.