Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 101 Part 3.djvu/124

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PUBLIC LAW 100-000—MMMM. DD, 1987

101 STAT. 1422

PUBLIC LAW 100-204—DEC. 22, 1987

a suitably classified form, and in an uncleissified form, containing the disposition of Soviet military forces in the Afghanistan region and an account of any troop withdrawals and any new troop deployments. Dalai Lama.

SEC. 1243. HUMAN RIGHTS VIOLATIONS IN TIBET BY THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF CHINA.

(a) FINDINGS.—The Congress finds that— (1) on October 1, 1987, Chinese police in Lhasa fired upon several thousand unarmed Tibetan demonstrators, which included hundreds of women, children, and Tibetan Buddhist monks, killing at least six and wounding many others; (2) on September 27, 1987, a peaceful demonstration in Lhasa calling for Tibetan independence and the restoration of human rights in Tibet, which was led by hundreds of Tibetan monks, was violently broken up by Chinese authorities and 27 Tibetan Buddhist monks were arrested; (3) in the wake of His Holiness the Dalai Lama's five point peace plan, which was presented to Members of the United States Congress during his visit to Washington in September 1987, Chinese authorities in Tibet staged, on September 24, 1987, a mass political rally at which three Tibetans were given death sentences, two of whom were executed immediately; (4) beginning October 7, 1950, the Chinese Communist army invaded and occupied Tibet; (5) since that time, the Chinese Government has exercised dominion over the Tibetan people, who had always considered themselves as independent, through the presence of a large occupation force; (6) over 1,000,000 Tibetans perished from 1959 to 1979 as a direct result of the political instability, executions, imprisonment, and widescale famine engendered by the policies of the People's Republic of China in Tibet; (7) after 1950, particularly during the ravages of China's Cultural Revolution, over 6,000 monasteries, the repositories of 1,300 years of Tibet's ancient civilization, were destroyed and their irreplaceable national legacy of art and literature either destroyed, stolen, or removed from Tibet; (8) the exploitation of Tibet's vast mineral, forest, and animal reserves has occurred with limited benefit to the Tibetan people; (9) Tibet's economy and education, health, and human services remain far below those of the People's Republic of China as a whole; (10) the People's Republic of China has encouraged a large infiux of Han-Chinese into Tibet, thereby undermining the political and cultural traditions of the Tibetan people; (11) there are credible reports of many Tibetans being incarcerated in labor camps and prisons and killed for the nonviolent expression of their religious and political beliefs; (12) His Holiness the Dalai Lama, spiritual and temporal leader of the Tibetan people, in conjunction with the 100,000 refugees forced into exile with him, has worked tirelessly for almost 30 years to secure peace and religious freedom in 'Tibet, as well as the preservation of the Tibetan culture;