PUBLIC LAW 100-456—SEPT. 29, 1988
102 STAT. 2045
operate equipment for purposes other than described in paragraph (2) only to the extent that such support does not involve direct participation by such personnel in a civilian law enforcement operation unless such direct participation is otherwise authorized by law. "§375. Restriction on direct participation by military personnel Regulations. "The Secretary of Defense shall prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to ensure that the provision of any support (including the provision of any equipment or facility or the assignment or detail of any personnel) to any civilian law enforcement official under this chapter does not include or permit direct participation by a member of the Army, Navy, Air Force, or Marine Corps in a search and seizure, an arrest, or other similar activity unless participation in such activity by such member is otherwise authorized by law. "§ 376. Support not to affect adversely military preparedness "Support (including the provision of any equipment or facility or the assignment or detail of any personnel) may not be provided to any civilian law enforcement official under this chapter if the provision of such support will adversely affect the military preparedness of the United States. The Secretary of Defense shall Regulations. prescribe such regulations as may be necessary to ensure that the provision of any such support does not adversely affect the military preparedness of the United States. "§ 377. Reimbursement "(a) To the extent otherwise required by section 1535 of title 31 (popularly known as the 'Economy Act') or other applicable law, the Secretary of Defense shall require a civilian law enforcement agency to which support is provided under this chapter to reimburse the Department of Defense for that support. "(b) An agency to which support is provided under this chapter is not required to reimburse the Department of Defense for such support if such support— "(1) is provided in the normal course of military training or operations; or "(2) results in a benefit to the element of the Department of Defense providing the support that is substantially equivalent to that which would otherwise be obtained from military operations or training.
- '§ 378. Nonpreemption of other law
"Nothing in this chapter shall be construed to limit the authority of the executive branch in the use of military personnel or equipment for civilian law enforcement purposes beyond that provided by law before December 1, 1981. "§ 379. Assignment of Coast Guard personnel to naval vessels for law enforcement purposes "(a) The Secretary of Defense and the Secretary of Transportation shall provide that there be assigned on board every appropriate surface naval vessel at sea in a drug-interdiction area members of the Coast Guard who are trained in law enforcement and have powers of the Coast Guard under title 14, including the power to make arrests and to carry out searches and seizures.