Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 105 Part 1.djvu/337

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PUBLIC LAW 102-62—JUNE 27, 1991 105 STAT. 309 TITLE II—NATIONAL WRITING PROJECT 20 USC 1221-1 note. SEC. 201. FINDINGS. The Congress finds that— (1) the United States faces a crisis in writing in schools and in the workplace; (2) only 25 percent of 11th grade students have adequate anal3rtical writing skills; (3) over the past two decades, universities and colleges across the country have reported increasing numbers of entering freshmen who are unable to write at a level equal to the demands of college work; (4) American businesses and corporations are concerned about the limited writing skills of entry-level workers, and a growing number of executives are reporting that advancement was denied to them due to inadequate writing abilities; (5) the writing problem has been msignified by the rapidly changing student populations in the Nation's schools and the growing number of students who are at risk because of limited English proficiency; (6) most teachers in the United States elementary schools, secondary schools, and colleges, have not been trained to teach writing; (7) since 1973, the only national program to address the writing problem in the Nation's schools has been the National Writing Project, a network of collaborative university-school programs whose goal is to improve the quality of student writing and the teaching of writing at all grade levels and to extend the uses of writing as a learning process through all disciplines; (8) the National Writing Project offers summer and school year inservice teacher treiining programs and a dissemination network to inform and teach teachers of developments in the field of writing; (9) the National Writing Project is a nationally recognized and honored nonprofit orggmization that recognizes that there are teachers in every region of the country who have developed successful methods for teaching writing and that such teachers can be trained and encouraged to train other teachers; (10) the National Writing Project has become a model for programs in other academic fields; (11) the National Writing Project teacher-teaching-teachers program identifies and promotes what is working in the classrooms of the Nation's best teachers; (12) the National Writing Project teacher-teaching-teachers project is a positive program that celebrates good teaching practices and good teachers and through its work with schools increases the Nation's corps of successful classroom teachers; (13) evaluations of the National Writing Project document the positive impact the project has had on improving the teaching of -writing, student performance, and student thinking and learning ability; (14) the National Writing Project programs offer career-long education to teachers, and teachers participating in the Na- . tional Writing Project receive graduate academic credit; (15) each year approximately 85,000 teachers voluntarily seek training through word of mouth endorsements from other