105 STAT. 722 PUBLIC LAW 102-138—OCT. 28, 1991 (5) identifying supplier nations that have refused to participate in such a regime or that have engaged in conduct that violates or undermines such a regime. (c) ANNUAL REPORTS ON TRANSFERS AND REGIONAL MILITARY BAL- ANCE. —Beginning July 15, 1992, and every 12 months thereafter, the President shall submit to the relevant congressional committees a report— (1) documenting all transfers of conventional and unconventional arms by any nation to the Middle East and Persian Gulf region over the previous calendar year, including sources, types, and recipient nations of weapons; (2) analyzing the current military balance in the region, including the effect on the balance of transfer documented under paragraph (1); (3) describing the progress in implementing the purposes of the multilateral arms transfer and control regime as described in section 402(b); and (4) identifying supplier nations that have refused to participate in such a regime or that have engaged in conduct that violates or undermines such a regime. SEC. 405. RELEVANT CONGRESSIONAL COMMITTEES DEFINED. As used in this title, the term "relevant congressional committees" means the Committee on Foreign Affairs of the House of Representatives and the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate. BS^"" TITLE V—CHEMICAL AND BIOLOGICAL SSLd WEAPONS CONTROL Warfare onTM9T*^°" ^'^^ SEC. 501. SHORT TITLE. 22 USC 5601 This title may be cited as the "Chemical and Biological Weapons "°*« Control and Warfare Elimination Act of 1991". 22 USC 5601. SEC. 502. PURPOSES. The purposes of title are— (1) to mandate United States sanctions, and to encourage international sanctions, against countries that use chemical or biological weapons in violation of international law or use lethal chemical or biological weapons against their own nationals, and to impose sanctions against companies that aid in the proliferation of chemical and biological weapons; (2) to support multilaterally coordinated efforts to control the proliferation of chemical and biological weapons; (3) to urge continued close cooperation with the Australia Group and cooperation with other supplier nations to devise ever more effective controls on the transfer of materials, equipment, and technology applicable to chemical or biological weapons production; and (4) to require Presidential reports on efforts that threaten United States interests or regional stability by Iran, Iraq, Syria, Libya, and others to acquire the materials and technology to develop, produce, stockpile, deliver, transfer, or use chemical or biological weapons.