106 STAT. 698 PUBLIC LAW 102-325—JULY 23, 1992 Alternative Routes to Teacher Certification and Licensure Act of 1992. Minorities. 20 USC 1108. 20 USC 1108a. 20 USC 1108b. "(A) study, create, or promulgate separate standards applicable to home school or private school teachers; (B) take any action to require home school, private school, or public school teachers to participate in any program offered by the Board; or "(C) tsike any action that infringes in any manner on the right of parents to direct the education of their children; or "(6) authorize the Secretary to exercise supervision or control over the research program, standards, assessment practices, administration, or stafmig policies of the Board. "(j) VOLUNTARY PARTICIPATION.— Notwithstanding any other provision of this subpart, voluntary participation in certification assessments by the Board shall be open to home school, private school, and public school teachers. "(k) AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. —There are authorized to be appropriated $20,000,000 for the period beginning October 1, 1992, and ending September 30, 1997, to carry out the provisions of this subpart. Subpart 2—Alternative Routes to Teacher Certification and Licensure "SEC. 562. SHORT TITLE. 'This subpart may be cited as the 'Alternative Routes to Teacher Certification and Licensure Act of 1992'. "SEC. 553. FINDINGS. "The Congress finds that— "(1) effective elementary and secondary schools require competent teachers and strong leadership; "(2) school systems would benefit greatly by increasing the pool of qualified individuals from vmich to recruit teachers; "(3) many talented professionals who have demonstrated a high level of subject area competence outside the education profession may wish to pursue careers in education, but have not fulfilled the requirements to be certified or licensed as teachers; "(4) £dtemative routes can enable qualified individuals to fulfill State certification or Ucensure requirements and would allow school systems to utilize the expertise of such professionals and improve the pool of qualified individuals available to local educational agencies as teachers; and "(5) alternative routes to certification or Ucensure requirements that do not exclude qualified individuals from teaching solely because such individuals do not meet traditional certification or licensure requirements would allow school systems to take advantage of these professionals and improve the supply of well-qualified teachers. "SEC. 554. PURPOSE. "It is the purpose of this subpart to improve the supply of wellqualified elementary and secondary school teachers by encouraging and assisting States to develop and implement programs for alternative routes to teacher certification or Kcensure requirements. Such programs shall place special emphasis on the participation of individuals who are members of minority groups.