Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 106 Part 2.djvu/769

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page needs to be proofread.


PUBLIC LAW 102-391—OCT. 6, 1992 106 STAT. 1649 should not exceed 50 percent of the entire program for Eastern Europe and the Baltic States. ASSISTANCE FOR THE NEW INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION (a) FUNDING.—For necessary expenses to carry out the provisions of chapter 11 of part I of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and the FREEDOM Support Act, for economic assistance for the new independent states of the former Soviet Union, $417,000,000 to remain available until expended. (b) TYPES OF ASSISTANCE.- — (1) Of the funds appropriated under this heading, not less than $50,000,000 shall be made available for scholarship programs bringing people of the new independent states of the former Soviet Union to the United States for a broad spectrum of study, training, exchange, internship and similar programs. (2) Of the funds appropriated under this heading, not less than 75 percent shall be made available for activities consistent with the purposes of sections 103 through 106 of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961. (3) Funds appropriated under this heading shall be used for the establishment of a comprehensive program for enhancing environmental management and sustainable economic development in the new independent states of the former Soviet Union. This program should emphasize the active participation of local scientific expertise, nongovernmental organizations, and the public and should include— (A) environmental monitoring and protection, (B) establishment of appropriate environmental institutions and infrastructure, (C) programs to enhance energy conservation and efficiency, and (D) nuclear safety and other appropriate initiatives consistent with this paragraph. In the process of assisting the new independent states of the former Soviet Union in the transition to market economies. United States Government agencies shall promote the utilization of national income accounts, as defined in title I, chapter IV, section 401 of Public Law 101-45, which measure gross sustainable production in order to more accurately account for the deterioration of environmental resources. (4) Of the funds appropriated under this heading, up to $12,000,000 may be made available for American Agribusiness Centers in the new independent states of the former Soviet Union. (c) PRIOR NOTIFICATION.—None of the funds appropriated under this heading shall be obligated or expended except through the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations. None of the funds appropriated in this Act or in prior Acts making available funds for foreign operations, export financing, and related programs may be obligated or expended for planning for or for the establishment of new United States Governmentsponsored foundations, centers or other entities or for any activity related to the selection or appointment of their respective Boards of Directors except through the regular notification procedures of the Committees on Appropriations. 69-194 O—93 25:QL3(Pt. 2)