PUBLIC LAW 102-393 —OCT. 6, 1992 106 STAT. 1773 $100,000, or imprisoned for not more than ten years or both; and the officer, director, or agent of any corporation who knowingly participants in such violation shall, upon conviction, be fined not more than $100,000 or imprisoned for not more than ten years or both. "(b)(1) A civil penalty of not to exceed $50,000 may be imposed by the Secretary of the Treasury on any person who violates any license, order, rule, or regulation issued in compliance with the provisions of this Act. "(2) The penalties provided under this subsection may not be imposed for— "(A) news gathering, research, or the export or import of, or transmission of, information or informational materials; or "(B) clearly defined educational or religious activities, or activities of recognized human rights organizations, that are reasonably limited in frequency, duration, and number of participants. "(c) Upon conviction, any property, funds, securities, papers, or other articles or documents, or any vessel, together with tackle, apparel, furniture, and equipment, concerned in any violation of subsection (a) may be forfeited to the United States.". SEC. 629. Section 206(a) of the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1705(a)) is amended by striking out "$10,000" and inserting in lieu therof, "$50,000". SEC. 630. Title 42 U.S.C. is amended by adding a new section 42 USC 6962. as follows: '*§ 6962J. Preference for recycled toner cartridges "(a) Notwithstanding any other provision of law, a Federal agency in conducting a procurement for toner cartridges for use in laser printers, photocopiers or microphotographic printers shall purchase recycled cartridges, unless the contracting or purchasing officer determines in writing that— "(1) adequate market research establishes that recycled cartridges for the t)rpe of equipment used by the agency do not exist, "(2) the price or life cycle cost offered for the recycled cartridge is higher than the original equipment manufacturer's new cartridge, or "(3) recycled cartridges are not available in quantities needed within the timeframes required. "(b) Nothing in this section shall prohibit the purchase of one newly manufactured cartridge (or a number equal to those normally supplied at the time of initial purchase) as part of an initial printer or copier acquisition. "(c) For purposes of this section, 'recycled cartridge' means a laser printer, photocopier, or microphotographic toner cartridge which has been remanufactured in the United States by a smallbusiness concern which has been certified by an independent laboratory to meet generally accepted industry standards. In the absence of an independent laboratory certification, a contracting officer may in his discretion rely on the agency's past experience with the offered recycled cartridge as evidence that the offered product meets generally accepted industry standards.