Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 108 Part 2.djvu/69

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PUBLIC LAW 103-272—JULY 5, 1994 108 STAT. 785 5318. Bus testing facility. ', ,• - > 5319. Bicycle facilities. 5320. Suspended light rail systtjm technology pilot project. 5321. Crime prevention and security. - 5322. Human resource programs. 5323. General provisions on assistance. 5324. Limitations on discretionary and special needs grants and loans. 5325. Contract requirements. 5326. Special procurements. ^ 5327. Project management oversight. 5328. Project review. 5329. Investigation of safety hazards. 5330. Withholding amounts for noncompliance with safety requirements.

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5331. Alcohol and controlled substances testing. 5332. Nondiscrimination. 5333. Labor standards. 5334. Administrative. 5335. Reports and audits. 5336. Apportionment of appropriations for block grants. 5337. ^portionment of appropriations for fixed guideway modernization. 5338. Authorizations. §5301. Policies, Hndings, and purposes (a) DEVELOPMENT OF TRANSPORTATION SYSTEMS.—It is in the interest of the United States to encourage and promote the development of transportation systems that embrace various modes of transportation and efficiently maximize mobility of individuals and goods in and through urbanized areas and minimize transportationrelated fuel consumption and air pollution. (b) GENERAL FINDINGS. —Congress finds that— (1) more than 70 percent of the population of the United States is located in rapidly expanding urban areas that generally cross the boundary lines of local jurisdictions and often extend into at least 2 States; (2) the welfare and vitality of urban areas, the satisfactory movement of people and gocKis within those areas, and the effectiveness of programs aided by the United States Government are jeopardized by deteriorating or inadequate urban transportation service and facilities, the intensification of traffic congestion, and the lack of coordinated, comprehensive, and continuing development planning; (3) transportaticMi is the lifeblood of an urbanized society, and the health and welfare of an urbanized society depend '> an providing efficient, economical, and convenient transportation in and between urban areas; (4) for many years the mass transportation industry capably and profitably satisfied the transportation needs of the - urban areas of the United States but in the early 1970's continuing even minimal mass transportation service in urban areas was threatened because maintaining that transportation service was financially burdensome; (5) ending that transportation, or the continued increase in its cost to the user, is undesirable and may affect seriously and adversely the welfare of a substeintial number of lower income individuals; (6) some urban areas were developing preliminary plans for, or carrying out, projects in the early 197G's to revitalize their mass transportation operations; (7) significant mass transportation improvements are necessary to achieve national goals for improved air quality, energy conservation, international competitiveness, ana mobility for elderly individuals, individuals with disabilities, and economi-