Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 11.djvu/815

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enjoining all persons who have unlawlully entered upon, taken possession oi; or lands in Arkanmade any settlement on the public lands, in the said counties of Lafayette; ““· Sevier, or Miller, or who maybe in the unlawful occupation or possession of the same or any part thereon forthwith to deipart and remove therefrom: and I do hereby command and require the marsha of the said Territory of Arkansas, or other officer or officers acting as such marshal, from and after the Hiteenth day of April, next, to remove or cause to be removed, all persons who may then unlawfull be upon, in posseséon ot; or who may unlawfully occupy any of the public lands in the said counties of Laffiyctte, Sevier, or Miller, or who may be surveying or attempting to survey the same, without any authority therefor from the overnment of the United States: and to execute and carry into effect this pgoclamation, I do hereby authorize the employment of such military force as may necessary, pursuant to the act of Congress aforesaid, and warn all offenders in the premises, that they will be prosecifted and punished, in such other way and manner as may be consistent with the provisions and requisitions of the law in such case made and provided. Done at the city of Washnilgton, this tenth day of February, A. D. 1831, and of the independence of the nited States of America the fifty-faith. ANDREW JACKSON.

No. 26. Respecting the Nullifying Laws of South Carolina.

Dec. 10, 1832



Whereas a convention assembled in the State of South Carolina, have passed an ordinance, by which they declare, 1828, ch. 55. Vol. iv. p. 270.
1832, ch. 227. Vol. iv. p. 583.
"That the several acts and parts of acts of the Congress of the United States, purporting to be laws for the imposing of duties and imposts on the importation of foreign commodities, and now having actual operation and effect within the United States, and more especially," two acts for the same purposes, passed on the 19th of May, 1828, and on the 14th of July, 1832, "are unauthorized by the Constitution of the United States, and violate the true meaning and intent thereof, and are null and void, and no law," nor binding on the citizens of that State, or its officers; and by the said ordinance, it is further declared to be unlawful for any of the constituted authorities of the State, or of the United States, to enforce the payment of the duties imposed by the said acts, within the same State, and that it is the duty of the legislature to pass such laws as may be necessary to give full effect to the said ordinance:

And whereas, by the said ordinance, it is further ordained, that, in no case of law or ecguity decided in the courts of said State, wherein shall be drawn in question the validity of the said ordinance, or of the acts of the l?islat11re that may be passed to give it effect, or of the said laws of the United tates, no appeal shall be allowed to the Snlpreme Court of the United States, nor shall any copy of the record be plermitte or allowed for that purpose, and that any person attempting to take suc appeal shall be pnmished as for contempt of court:

And, finally, the said ordinance declares that the people of South Carolina will maintain the said ordinance at eve hazard; and that they will consider the passage of any act, by Congress, aboligiing or closing the ports of the said State, or otherwise obstructing the free invress or egress of vessels to and from the said ports, or any other act of the Federal Government to coerce the State, shut up er ports, destroy or harass her commerce, or to enforce the said acts otherwise than throuvh the civil tribunals of the country, as inconsistent with the longer continuance oi South Carolina in the Union; and that the people of the said State will thencefbrth hold themselves absolved from all further obligation to maintain or preserve their political connection with the people of the other States, and will forthwith proceed to organize a separate government, and do all other acts and things which sovereign and independent States may of rightdo:

And whereas the said ordinance prescribes to the people of South Carolina. a. course of conduct in direct violation of their duty as citizens of the United