Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 110 Part 2.djvu/752

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110 STAT. 1544 PUBLIC LAW 104-172—AUG. 5, 1996 (c) PERSONS AGAINST WHICH THE SANCTIONS ARE TO BE IMPOSED.— The sanctions described in subsections (a) and (b) shall be imposed on— (1) any person the President determines has carried out the activities described in subsection (a) or (b); and (2) any person the President determines— (A) is a successor entity to the person referred to in paragraph (1); (B) is a parent or subsidiary of the person referred to in paragraph (1) if that parent or subsidiary, with actual knowledge, engaged in the activities referred to in paragraph (1); or (C) is an affiliate of the person referred to in paragraph (1) if that affiliate, with actual knowledge, engaged in the activities referred to in paragraph (1) and if that affiliate is controlled in fact by the person referred to in paragraph (1). For purposes of this Act, any person or entity described in this subsection shall be referred to as a "sanctioned person". (d) PUBLICATION IN FEDERAL REGISTER.— The President shall cause to be published in the Federal Register a current list of persons and entities on whom sanctions have been imposed under this Act. The removal of persons or entities from, and the addition of persons and entities to, the list, shall also be so published. (e) PUBLICATION OF PROJECTS. — The President shall cause to be published in the Federal Register a list of all significant projects which have been publicly tendered in the oil and gas sector in Iran. (f) EXCEPTIONS. — The President shall not be required to apply or maintain the sanctions under subsection (a) or (b)— (1) in the case of procurement of defense articles or defense services— (A) under existing contracts or subcontracts, including the exercise of options for production quantities to satisfy requirements essential to the national security of the United States; (B) if the President determines in writing that the person to which the sanctions would otherwise be applied is a sole source supplier of the defense articles or services, that the defense articles or services are essential, and that alternative sources are not readily or reasonably available; or (C) if the President determines in writing that such articles or services are essential to the national security under defense coproduction agreements; (2) in the case of procurement, to eligible products, as defined in section 308(4) of the Trade Agreements Act of 1979 (19 U.S.C. 2518(4)), of any foreign country or instrumentality designated under section 301(b)(1) of that Act (19 U.S.C. 2511(b)(1)); (3) to products, technology, or services provided under contracts entered into before the date on which the President publishes in the Federal Register the name of the person on whom the sanctions are to be imposed; (4)to— (A) spare parts which are essential to United States products or production;