Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 114 Part 4.djvu/274

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114 STAT. 2336 PUBLIC LAW 106-505—NOV. 13, 2000 (b) REQUIREMENTS FOR GRANTS. —In determining whether to award a grant to an appHcant under the program described in subsection (a), the Director of the National Center for Research Resources shall consider— (1) the extent to which an award for the specific instrument involved would meet the scientific needs and enhance the planned research endeavors of the major users by providing an instrument that is unavailable or to which availability is highly limited; (2) with respect to the instrument involved, the availability and commitment of the appropriate technical expertise within the major user group or the applicant institution for use of the instrumentation; (3) the adequacy of the organizational plan for the use of the instrument involved and the internal advisory committee for oversight of the applicant, including sharing arrangements if any; (4) the applicant's commitment for continued support of the utilization and maintenance of the instrument; and (5) the extent to which the specified instrument will be shared and the benefit of the proposed instrument to the overall research community to be served. (c) PEER REVIEW. —In awarding grants under the program described in subsection (a) Director of the National Center for Research Resources shall comply with the peer review requirements in section 492 of the Public Health Service Act (42 U.S.C. 289a). Cardiac Arrest TITLE IV—CARDIAC ARREST SURVIVAL Survival Act of Subtitle A—Recommendations for Federal Buildings 42 USC 201 note. SEC. 401. SHORT TITLE. This subtitle may be cited as the "Cardiac Arrest Survival Act of 2000". 42 USC 238p SEC. 402. FINDINGS. Congress makes the following findings: (1) Over 700 lives are lost every day to sudden cardiac arrest in the United States alone. (2) Two out of every three sudden cardiac deaths occur before a victim can reach a hospital. (3) More than 95 percent of these cardiac arrest victims will die, many because of lack of readily available life saving medical equipment. (4) With current medical technology, up to 30 percent of cardiac arrest victims could be saved if victims had access to immediate medical response, including defibrillation and cardiopulmonary resuscitation. (5) Once a victim has suffered a cardiac arrest, every minute that passes before returning the heart to a normal rhythm decreases the chance of survival by 10 percent. (6) Most cardiac arrests are caused by abnormal heart rhythms called ventricular fibrillation. Ventricular fibrillation occurs when the heart's electrical system malfunctions, causing