Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 116 Part 1.djvu/329

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PUBLIC LAW 107-171—MAY 13, 2002 116 STAT. 303 $1 per day, and approximately 3,000,000,000 people live on only $2 per day; (11) 95 percent of new births occur in developing countries, including the world's poorest countries; and (12) only V2 percent of the Federal budget is dedicated to international economic and humanitarian assistance. (b) SENSE OF CONGRESS.—It is the sense of Congress that— (1) United States foreign assistance programs should play an increased role in the global fight against terrorism to complement the national security objectives of the United States; (2) the United States should lead coordinated international efforts to provide increased financial assistance to countries with impoverished and disadvantaged populations that are the breeding grounds for terrorism; and (3) the United States Agency for International Development and the Department of Agriculture should substantially increase humanitarian, economic development, and agricultural assistance to foster international peace and stability and the promotion of human rights. SEC. 3210. SENSE OF THE SENATE CONCERNING AGRICULTURAL TRADE. (a) AGRICULTURE TRADE NEGOTIATING OBJECTIVES. —It is the sense of the Senate that the principal negotiating objective of the United States with respect to agricultural trade in all multilateral, regional, and bilateral negotiations is to obtain competitive opportunities for the export of United States agricultural commodities in foreign markets substantially equivalent to the competitive opportunities afforded foreign exports in United States markets and to achieve fairer and more open conditions of agricultural trade in bulk and value-added commodities by— (1) reducing or eliminating, by a date certain, tariffs or other charges that decrease market opportunities for the export of United States agricultural commodities, giving priority to United States agricultural commodities that are subject to significantly higher tariffs or subsidy regimes of major producing countries; (2) immediately eliminating all export subsidies on agricultural commodities worldwide while maintaining bona fide food aid and preserving United States agricultural market development and export credit programs that allow the United States to compete with other foreign export promotion efforts; (3) leveling the playing field for United States agricultural producers by disciplining domestic supports such that no other country can provide greater support, measured as a percentage of total agricultural production value, than the United States does while preserving existing green box category to support conservation activities, family farms, and rural communities; (4) developing, strengthening, and clarifying rules and effective dispute settlement mechanisms to eliminate practices that unfairly decrease United States market access opportunities for United States agricultural commodities or distort agricultural markets to the detriment of the United States, including— (A) unfair or trade-distorting activities of state trading enterprises and other administrative mechanisms, with emphasis on—