PUBLIC LAW 107-228—SEPT. 30, 2002 116 STAT. 1449 initiatives and proposals for unemployed Russian Federation weapons scientists and technicians, are making an important contribution in ensuring that knowledge related to weapons of mass destruction remains beyond the reach of terrorists and weapons-proliferating states; and (4) increased spending and investment by the United States private sector on nonproliferation efforts in the independent states of the former Soviet Union make advisable the establishment of a coordinating body to ensure that United States public and private efforts are not in conflict, and to ensure that public spending on efforts by the independent states of the former Soviet Union is maximized to ensure efficiency and further United States national security interests. SEC. 1333. DEFINITIONS. (a) INDEPENDENT STATES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION. — In this subtitle, the term "independent states of the former Soviet Union" has the meaning given the term in section 3 of the FREEDOM Support Act (22 U.S.C. 5801). (b) APPROPRIATE COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS.— In this subtitle, the term "the appropriate committees of Congress" means the Committees on Foreign Relations, Armed Services, and Appropriations of the Senate and the Committees on International Relations, Armed Services, and Appropriations of the House of Representatives. SEC. 1334. ESTABLISHMENT OF COMMITTEE ON NONPROLIFERATION ASSISTANCE. (a) IN GENERAL. — The President shall establish a mechanism to coordinate, with the maximum possible effectiveness and efficiency, the efforts of United States Government departments and agencies engaged in formulating policy and carrying out programs for achieving nonproliferation and threat reduction. (b) MEMBERSHIP.— The coordination mechanism established pursuant to subsection (a) shall include— (1) representatives designated by— (A) the Secretary of State; (B) the Secretary of Defense; (C) the Secretary of Energy; (D) the Secretary of Commerce; (E) the Attorney General; and (F) the Director of the Office of Homeland Security, or the head of a successor department or agency; and (2) such other executive branch officials as the President may select. (c) LEVEL OF REPRESENTATION. —To the maximum extent possible, each department or agency's representative designated pursuant to subsection (b)(1) shall be an official of that department or agency who has been appointed by the President with the advice and consent of the Senate. (d) CHAIR. —The President shall designate an official to direct the coordination mechanism established pursuant to subsection (a). The official so designated may invite the head of any other department or agency of the United States to designate a representative of that department or agency to participate from time to time in the activities of the Committee. 50 USC 2357a. President. 50 USC 2357b.