Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/235

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228 PUBLIC TREATIES. `fre uentl ha iens that vessels sail for a port or place Blockadcd pom. belbggidglfdcgd ahem? witheut kiiiowing that the same is either besieged, hlockaded, or invested, it is agreed that every vessel so circumstanced may be turned away from such port or place, but she shall not he detained, nor any part of her cargo, if not contraband, be conliscated, unless, after notice of such blockade or investment, she shall again attempt to enter; but she shall be permitted to go to any other port or place she shall think proper; nor shall any vessel ot e1ther that may have entered into such port or place before the same was actually besieged, blockaded, or invested by the other, be restrained from quitting such place with her cargo, nor if found therein after the reduction and surrender of such place shall such vessel or her cargo be liable to confiscation, but they shall be restored to the owners thereof. Anrrorn XIII. Contraband of In order to regulate what shall be deemed contraband of war, there war- shall be comprised, under that denomination, gun-powder, saltpetre, petards, match, ball, bombs, grenades, carcasses, pikes, halberts, swords, belts, pistols, holsters, cavalry-saddles and furniture, cannon, mortars, their carriages and beds, and generally all kinds of arms, ammunition of war, and instruments fit for the use of troops; all the above articles, whenever they are destined to the port of an enemy, are hereby declared to be contraband, and just objects of confiscation; but the vessel in which they are laden, and the residue of the cargo, shall be considered free, and not in any manner infected by the prohibited goods, whether belonging to the same or a different owner. Anrtctn XIV. Fw, Ships make It is hereby stipulated that free ships shall give a freedom to goods, free goods. and that everything shall be deemed to be free and exempt which shall be found on board the ships belonging to the citizens of either of the contracting parties, although the whole lading, or any part thereof, should appertain to the enemies of either, contraband goods being always excepted. It is also agreed, in like manner, that the same liberty be extended to persons whoare on board a free ship, with this effect, that although they be enemies to either party, they are not to be taken opt of that free ship, unless they are soldiers and in actual service of t e enemy. ‘ Anricnn XV. Connsoation of On the contrary, it is agreed that whatever shall be found to be laden goods ¤¤ <>¤¤¤1y’¤ by the citizens of either party on any ship belonging to the enemies of '°°“°r the other, or their citizens, shall be confiscated without distinction of goods, contraband or not contraband, in -the same manner as if it belonged to the enemy, except such goods and merchandizes as were put on board such ship before the declaration of war, or even after such declaration, if so be it were done without knowledge of such declaration; so that the goods of the citizens of either party, whether they be of the nature of such as are prohibited, or otherwise, which, as is aforesaid, were put on board any ship belonging to an enemy before the war, or after the_declaration of same, without the knowledge of it, shall no ways be liable to confiscation, but shall well and truly be restored without delay to the proprietors demanding the same; but so as that, if the said merchandizes be contraband, it shall not be any ways lawful to carry them afterwards to any ports belonging to the enemy. The two contracting parties agree that the term of two months being passed after the declaration ot war, their respective citizens, from whatever

plfetlmecworld they come, shall not plead the ignorance mentioned