AUSTRIA, 1829. 21 A U S T R I A . AUSTRIA, 1829. TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION BETWEEN THE UNITED STATES August 27, 1829. OF AMERICA AND HIS MAJESTY THE EMPEROR OF AUSTRIA, CONCLUDED —-———— AT WASHINGTON AUGUST 27, 1829; RATIFICATION ADVISED BY SENATE FEBRUARY 10, 1&0; RATIFIED BY PRESIDENT FEBRUARY 11, 1830; EX.- CHANGE OF RATIFICATIONS ADVISED BY SENATE FEBRUARY 3, 1831; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED AT, WASHINGTON FEBRUARY 10, 1831; PRO- CLAIMED FEBRUARY 10, 1831. The United States of America and His Majesty the Emperor of Aus- Contracting pm-. tria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, equally animated with the desire ties. of maintaining the relations of good understanding which have hitherto so happily subsisted between their respective States, of extending, also, and consolidating the commercial intercourse between them, and convinced that this object cannot better be accomplished than by adopting the system of an entire freedom of navigation and a perfect reciprocity, based upon principles of equity equally beneficial to both countries, have, in consequence, agreed to enter into negotiations for the conclusion of a treaty of commerce and navigation, for which purpose the N¤S°*>i¤*¤¤- President of the United States has conferred full powers on Martin Van Buren, their Secretary of State; and His Majesty the Emperor of Austria has conferred like powers on Lewis, Baron de Lederer, his said Majesty’s Consul for the port of New York, and the said Plenipotentiaries having exchanged their said full powers, found in good and due form, have concluded and signed the ibllowing articles: Am·1o·1.r. I. There shall be between the territories of the high contracting parties Freedom of coma reciprocal liberty of commerce and navigation. The inhabitants of ¤5¤¤¤>¤ Md ¤¤Vi8=· their respective States shall mutually have liberty to enter the ports, “°“· places, and rivers of the territories of each party, wherever foreign commerce is permitted. They shall be at liberty to sojourn and reside in all parts whatsoever of said territories, in order to attend to their commercial afairs; and they shall enjoy, to that edect, the same security, protection, and privileges as natives of the country wherein they reside, on condition of their submitting to the laws and ordinances there prevailing. Anrrorn H. Austrian vessels arriving, either laden or in ballast, in the ports of Equality or nmthe United States of America, and, reciprocally, vessels of the United ¤¤S° 6****** *****1 States arriving, either laden or in ballast, in the ports of the dominions °h'"g°" of Austria, shall be treated on their entrance, during their stay, and at their departure, upon the same footing as national vessels coming from the same place, with respect to the duties of tonnage, ligh t-houses, pilotage, and port charge , as well as to the fees and perquisites of public officers and all other duties or charges of whatever kind or denomination, levied in the name, or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishment whatsoever.