Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/324

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GREAT BRITAIN, 1842. 317 actual division between the States of New York and Vermont on one side, and the British province of Canada on the other; and from said point of intersection, west, along the said dividing line, as heretofore known and understood, to the Iroquois or St. Lawrence River. Anrioznm II. It is moreover agreed, that from the place where the joint Commis- Description or sioners terminated their labors under the sixth article of the treaty Nw b°¤¤d¤*Y1*¤°· of Ghent, to wit, at a point in the Neebish Channel, near Muddy [see p. 302.] Lake, the line shall run into and along the ship-channel between Saint Joseph and St. Tammany Islands, to the division of the channel at or near the head of St. J oseph’s Island; thence, turning eastwardly and northwardly around the lower end of St. George’s or Sugar Island, and following the middle of the channel which divides St. George’s from St. Joseph’s Island; thence up the east Neebish Channel, nearest to St. George’s Island, through the middle of Lake George; thence, west of Jonas’ Island, into St. Mary’s River, to a point in the middle of that river, about one mile above St. George’s or Sugar Island, so as to appropriate and assign the said island to the United States; thence, adopting the line traced on the maps by the Commissioners, thro’ the river St. Mary and Lake Superior, to a point north of Ile Royale, in said lake, one hundred yards to the north and east of Ile Chapeau, which last-mentioned island lies near the northeastern point of Ile Royale, where the line marked by the Commissioners termi— nates; and from the last-mentioned point, southwesterly, through the middle of the sound between Ile Royale and the northwestern main land, to the month of Pigeon River, and up the said river, to and through the north and south Fowl Lakes, to the lakes of the height of land be— tween Lake Superior and the Lake of the Woods; thence, along the water communication to Lake Saisaginaga, and through that lake; thence, to and through Cypress Lake, Lac du Bois Blanc, Lac la Croix, Little Vermilion Lake, and Lake Namccan and through the several smaller lakes, straits, or streams, connecting the lakes here mentioned, to that point in Lac la Pluie, or Rainy Lake, at the Chaudiere Falls, from which the Commissioners traced tho line to the most northwestern point of the Lake of the Woods; thence, along the said line, to the said most northwestern point, being in latitude 490 23’ 55" north, and in longitude 950 I4' 3S" west from the observatory at Greenwich; thence, according to existing treaties, due south to its intersection with the 49th parallel of north latitude, and along that parallel to the Rocky Mount- [see Article I, ains. It being understood that all the water communications and all treaty of 1846, 1*- the usual portages along the line from Lake Superior to the Lake of the 3%] Woods, and also Grand Portage, from the shore of Lake Superior to the Pigeon River, as now actually used, shall be free and open to the use of the citizens and subjects of both countries, Anrrcma III. In order to promote the interests and encourage the industry of all Nayigmiiiou or the inhabitants of the countries watered by the river St. John and its tim ’“’°" S*·J°h“· tributaries, whether living within the State of Maine or the province of New Brunswick, it is agreed that, where, by the provisions of the present treaty, the river St. John is declared to be the line of boundary, the navigation of the said river shall be free and open to both parties, and shall in no way be obstructed by either; that all the produce of the forest, in logs, lumber, timber, boards, staves, or shingles, or of agriculture, not being manufactured, grown on any of those parts of the State of Maine watered by the river St. John, or by its tributaries, of which fact reasonable evidence shall, if required, be produced, shall have free access into and through the said river and its said tributaries, having their source within the State of Maine, to and