Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/328

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GREAT BRITAIN, 1846. 321 two parties over the said territory, have respectively named Plenipotentiaries to treat and agree concerning the terms of such settlement, that is to say: The President of the United States of America has, on his part, fur- Negotintors. nished with full powers James Buchanan, Secretary of State of the United States, and Her Majesty the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland has, on her part, appointed the Right Honorable Richard Pakenham, a member of Her Majesty’s Most Honorable Privy Council, and Her Majesty’s Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to the United States; Who, after having communicated to each other their respective full powers, found in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles : ARTICLE I. From the point on the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude, where the Boundary une boundary laid down in existing treaties and conventions between the "°°* °F R°°kY United States and Great Britain terminates, the line of boundary M°"""""”‘_ between the territories of the United States and those of Her Britannic ,,53* MQQ IL Majesty shall be continued westward along the said forty-ninth parallel 311,51,,],.,, A,-tici; of north latitude to the middle of the channel which separates the con- XXXIV, treaty of tinent from Vancouver’s Island, and thence southerly through the mid- 187 1- P- 366- md die of the said 'channel, and of Fuca’s Straits, to the Pacific Ocean: {’,r;62,°]°°1* 1873* Provided, however, that the navigation of the whole of the said channel ,,1,,,,, mon 80,,,,, and straits, south oi' the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude, remain of 49p€p,mn,,;, free and open to both parties. Aarxcuz II. From the point at which the forty-ninth parallel of north latitude Nuyjggtign of shall be found to intersect the great northern branch of the Columbia gut of Columbia River, the navigation of the said branch shall be free and open to the “'°*'· Hndson’s Bay Company, and to all British subjects trading with the same, to the point where the said branch meets the main stream of the Columbia, and thence down the said main stream to the ocean, with iree access into and through the said river or rivers, it being understood that all the usual portages along the line thus described shall, in like manner, be free and open. In navigating the said river or rivers, British subjects, with their goods and produce, shall be treated on the same footing as citizens of the United States; it being, however, always R<>5¤I=¤|=i<3¤¤ fw understood that nothing in this article shall be construed as preventing, ggegg “ " ‘ °“ °f or intended to prevent, the Government of the United States from making any regulations respecting the navigation of the said river or rivers not inconsistent with the present treaty. Anrmnn III. In the future appropriation of the territory south of the forty-ninth Possessory rights parallel of north latitude, as provided in the first article of this treaty, °f B"‘*‘“h ““b·|°""'· the possessory rights of the Hudson’s Bay Company, and of all British °°3_g*3¤*Y °f subjects who may be already in the occupation of land or other property 'I" ' lawfully acquired within the said territory, shall be respected. Ancrrcm IV. The farms lands and other property of every description belonging F°*:j”• &°·;_rb$é to the Puget’s Souiad Agricultural Company, on the north side of the };°::f’:,,° k°;,£Efi§t,_ Columbia River, shall be conhrmed to the said company. In case, how- ml Company. ever, the situation of those farms and lands should be considered by the United States to be of public and political importance, and the United States Government should signify a. desire to obtain possession rc s iv--21