Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/440

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ITALY, 1802;. 433 shall be invited in writing to appear in court, and if unable to do so, his testimony shall be requested in writing, or be taken orally, at his dwelling or enice. lt shall be the duty of said consular officer to comply with this request, without any delay which can be avoided. In all criminal cases contemplated by the sixth article of the amendments to the Constitution of the United States, whereby the right is secured to persons charged with crimes to obtain witnesses in their fayor, the appearance in court of said consular officer shall be demanded, with all possible regard to the consular dignity and to the duties of his odiee. A similar treatment shall also be extended to United States Consuls in Italy in the like cases. Ancrrcnn V. Consuls General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents may Flags and inpluce over the outer door of their onices, or of their dwelling-houses, ¤¤¤‘ip¤i<>¤•· the arms of their nation, with this inscription, “Consulate, or Vice-Consulate, or Consular Agency,” of the United States, or of Italy, &c., &c. And they may also raise the Hag of their country on their offices or ehlwellings, except in the capital of the country, when there is a legation t ere. Anrrcnn VI. The consular offices and dwellings shall be at all times inviolable. Inviolabilitv o r The local authorities shall not, under any pretext, invade them. In no °°¤°“1" °¤°°°· case shall they examine or seize the papers there deposited. In no case &’°' shall those offices or dwellings be used as places of asylum. When, however, a consular officer is engaged in other business, the papers relating to the consulate shall be kept separate. Asrrcnm VII. In the event of the death, incapacity, or absence of Consuls General, Rights or acting Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents, their chancellors or secre- °°¤¤¤1*·‘°°· taries, whose omcial character may have previously been made known to the Department of State at Washington, or to the Minister for Foreign Afairs in Italy, may temporarily exercise their functions, and while thus acting they shall enjoy all the rights, prerogatives, and immunities granted to the incumbents. Aarronn VIII. Consuls General and Consuls may, with the approbation of their rs- Vi¤•-U¤¤•¤l•· spective Governments, appoint Vice-Consuls and Consular Agents in the cities, ports, and places within their consular jurisdiction. These omcers may be citizens of the United States, Italian subjects, or other foreigners. They shall be furnished with a commission by the Consul who appoints them, and under whose orders they are to act. They shall enjoy the privileges stipulated for consular officers in this convention, subject to the exceptions specified in Articles III and IV. Antrrcma IX. Consuls General, Consuls, Vice-Consuls, and Consular Agents, may 1°E:{"0\;E"·;';::¤f"{ complain to the authorities of the respective countries, whether Federal m,,,0,m,,,_ or local, judicial or local, judicial or executive, within their consular district, of any infraction of the treaties and conventions between the United States and Italy, or for the purpose of protecting the rights and interest of their countrymen, If the complaint should not be satisfactorily redressed, the consular officers aforesaid, in the absence of a diplomatic agent of their country, may apply directly to the Government of the country where they reside. 12 s rv-—28