MEXICO, 1831. 477 Antrrcnn I. There shall be a firm, inviolable, and universal peace and a true and Peaeoandfriondsincere friendship between the United States of America and the United BMP- Mexiean States in all the extent of their possessions and territories and between their people and citizens respectively, without distinction of persons or places. Ancricrn II. The United States of America and the United Mexican States, design- Favors grantee ing to take for the basis of their agreement the most perfect equality *0 °*l¤¤*' ¤¤**°¤¤*·° and reciprocity, engage mutually not to grant any particular favor to °°°°“‘° °°"““°"‘ other nations in respect of commerce and navigation which shall not immediately become common to the other party, who shall enjoy the same freely, if the concession was freely made, or upon the same conditions, if the concession was conditional. Anrrrorn HI. The citizens of the two countries, respectively, shall have liberty, Freedom of comfreely and securely, to come with their vessels and cargoes to all such **}°*'°° *****1 ***“’*8**‘ places, ports, and rivers of the United States of America and of the t'°°‘ United Mexican States, to which other foreigners are permitted to come ; to enter into the same, and to remain and reside in any part of the said territories respectively; also, to hire and occupy houses and warehouses for the purposes of their commerce, and to trade therein in all sorts of produce, manufactures, and merchandise`; and, generally, the merchants and traders of each nation shall enjoy the most complete protection and security for their commerce. And they shall not pay higher or other duties, imposts, or fees what- Privi lc gee of soever, than those which the most favored nations are or may be obliged ¤;¤¤¤ f=w¤¤‘¤d M- to pay; and shall enjoy all the rights, privileges, and exemptions, with “"”“· respect to navigation and commerce, which the citizens of the most favored nation do or may enjoy; but subject always to the laws, usages, and statutes of the two countries respectively. The liberty to enter and discharge the vessels of both nations of coasting true. which this article treats shall not be understood to authorize the coasting trade, which is permitted to national vessels only. Aurronn IV. No higher or other duties shall be imposed on the importation into Equality of anthe United Mexican States of any article, the produce, growth, or ¤i¤¤_ vu 1>¤>d¤¢¤¤ manufacture of the United States of America, than those which the °f °‘“‘°"’°““"`Y· same or like articles, the produce, growth, or manufacture of any other foreign country do now or may hereafter pay; nor shall articles, the produce, growth, or manufacture of the United Mexican States, be subject, on their introduction into the United States of America, to higher or other duties than those which the same or like articles of any other foreign country do now or may hereafter pay. Higher duties shall not be imposed in the respective States on the Expcrtdqtics exportation of any article to the States of the other contracting party, *****1 I’*°****’*°*°**°· than those which are now or may hereafter be paid on the exportation of the like articles to any other foreign country; nor shall any prohibition be established on the exportation or importation of any article, the produce, growth, or manufacture of the United States of America, or of the United Mexican States, respectively, in either of them, which shall not in like manner be established with respect to other foreign countries.