Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/492

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MEXICO, 1831. 485 spective territories, or to deliver them u to the a ent or · ' of the Government that claims them, giving to eagh otbe1¥01P;§F;1¥bb:e:ig·0 timely notice, and the claimant paying the expenses incurred in the transmission and maintenance of such person or persons, who, in the mean time, shall be treated with the utmost hospitality by the local authorities of the place where they may be. Nor shall it be lawful, under any pretext whatever, for the citizens of either of the contracting parties to purchase or hold captive prisoners made by the Indians inhabiting the territories of the other. Anrroma XXXIV. The United States of America and the United Mexican States, desiring to make as durable as circumstances will permit, the relations which are to be established between the two parties by virtue of this treaty or general convention of amity, commerce, and navigation, have declared solemnly, and do agree to the following points: First. The present treaty shall remain and be in force for eight years D n ration of from the day of the exchange of the ratitlcations, and until the end of trwty. one year after either of the contracting parties shall have given notice to the other of its intention to terminate the same; each of the contracting parties reserving to itself the right of giving such notice to the other, at the end of said term of eight years. And it is hereby agreed between them that, on the expiration of one year after such notice shall have been received by either of the parties from the other party, this treaty, in all its parts, relating to commerce and navigation, shall altogether cease and determine, and in all those parts which relate to peace and friendship, it shall be permanently and perpetually binding on both the contracting parties. Secondly. If any one or more of the citizens of either party shall in- Infringement or fringe any of the articles of this treaty, such citizens shall be held per- *¤=¤¤y- sonally responsible for the ame; and the harmony and good correspondence between the two nations shall not be interrupted thereby; each party engaging in no way to protect the offender, or sanction such violation. Thirdly. If (what indeed cannot be expected) any of the articles Rvprqisnls and contained in the present treaty shall be violated or infracted in any d°°l“”*‘°“’°f"“'· manner whatever, it is stipulated that neither of the contracting parties will order or authorize any acts of reprisal, nor declare war against the other, on complaints of injuries or damages, until the said party considering itself offended shall tlrst have presented to the other a statement of such injuries or damages, verified by competent proofs, and demanded justice and satisfaction, and the same shall have been either refused or unreasonably delayed. _ _ Fourthly. Nothing in this treaty contained shall, however, be con- Treutwp with strued to operate contrary to former and existing public treaties with :},!’°;;°5’“*'°““ “°* other Sovereigns or States. _ ' The present treaty of amity, commerce, and navigation shall be ap- Ratifications. proved and ratified by the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by the Vice-President of the United Mexican States, with the consent and approbation of the Congress thereof; and the ratilications shall be exchanged in the city of Washington, within the term of one year, to be counted from the date of the signature hereof, or sooner 1f possible. In witness whereof we, the Plenipotentiaries of the United States S;g,,,m,,,,,_ of America and of the United Mexican States, have signed and sealed these presents. Done in the city of Mexico on the fifth day of April, Dnw. in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and tlnrty-one, in the nfty-fifth year of the Independence of the United States of America, and in the eleventh of that of the United Mexican States. A. BUTLER. [L. s.] LUCAS ALAMAN. L. s. RAFAEL MANGINO. ir., s.]