Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/620

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PERU, 1851. 613 resolved to dx clear and precise rules which shall in futnr b r' observed between the two nations by means of a treaty? cfs ffiggdslhlpv commerce, and navigation. ’ To attain this desirable object, the President of the United States of Negotiators. America. has conferred full powers on John Randolph Clay, the accredited Charge d’Aifaires of the said States to the'Government of Pern and the President of the Republic of Peru has conferred like full powers on Brigadier General Don Juan Crisostomo Torrico, Mini ter of War and the Marine, Minister of Foreign Affairs ad interim, &c., &c.; who, after exchanging their respective full powers, lonnd to be in good and due form, have agreed upon and concluded the following articles: ARTICLE I. There shall be perfect and perpetual peace friendship between Peace and friendthe United States of America and the Republic of Peru, and between ¤l¤iP- their respective territories, people, and citizens, without distinction of persons or places. Am·101.r. II. The United States of America and the Republic of Peru mutually Freedom or eemagree that there shall be reciprocal liberty of commerce and navigation ¤¤°*°°- between their respective territories and citizens; the citizens of either republic may frequent with their vessels all the coasts, ports, and places of the other, wherever foreign commerce is permitted, ·and reside in all parts of the territories of either, and occupy dwellings and warehouses, and everything belonging thereto shall be respected and shall not be subjected to any arbitrary visits or search. The said citizens shall have full liberty to trade in all parts of the terri- Privileges or rentories of either, according to the rules established by the respective regular- id¤¤*¤· tions of commerce, in all kinds of goods, merchandise, manufactures, and produce not prohibited to all, and to open retail stores and shops, under the same municipal and police regulations as native citizens; and they shall not in this respect be liable toany other or higher taxes or imposts than those which are or may be paid by native citizens. No examination or inspection of their books, papers, or accounts shall be made without the legal order of a competent tribunal or judge. The citizens of either country shall also have the unrestrained right to travel in any part of the possessions of the other, and shall in all cases enjoy the same security and protection as the natives of the country wherein they reside, on condition of their submitting to the laws and ordinances there prevailing; they shall not be called upon for any forced loan or occasional contribution, nor shall they be liable to any embargo, ortobe detained with their vessels, cargoes, merchandise, goods, or effects, for any military expedition, or for any public purpose whatsoever, without being allowed therefor a full and sudicient indemnilicatnon, which shall in all cases be agreed upon and paid in advance. Anrrcmc Ill. The two hi h contractin arties hereby bind and engage themselves Favors grautod not to grant guy favor, prgvirlege, or immunity whatever, in matters of 2gbé;?:; commerce and navigation, to other nations, which shall not be also immediately extended to the citizens of the other contracting party, who_shall enjoy the same, gratnitously, if the concession shall have been gratuitous, or on giving a compensation as nearlyas possible of proportionate value and effect, to be adjusted by mutual agreement. 1f the concession shall have been conditional. Anrrora IV. No higher or other duties or charges on account of tonnage, light- &;1`¢>¤¤¤g¤ dntwn, houses, or harbour' dues, pilotage, quarantine, salvage in case of dam- · age or shipwreck, or any other local charges, shall be imposed in any