666 PUBLIC TREATIES. RUSSIA, 1832. · I VIGATION, AND SEPARATE ARTICLES.
T1Is1EéI‘¥EI?I§ *I9IfI)Eib§:siiTEDAIS£ATrlis OF AMERICA AND HIS MAJESTY THE
EMPEROR OF RUSSIA, GONCLUDED AT ST. PETERSBURG DECEMBER b—l8, 1832; RATIFICATION ADVISED BY SENATE FEBRUARY 27, wss; BATIFIED BY PRESIDENT APRIL 8, 1833; RATIFICATIONS EXCHANGED AT WASII- INGTON MAY 11, 1833; PROOLAIMED MAY 11, Issa. Treaty with Russia. In the name of the most Holy and Indivisible Trinity. Contracting par- The United States of America and His Majesty the Emperor of all
- l°°· the Russias, equally animated with the desire of maintaining the relations of good understanding which have hitherto so happily subsisted
between their respective States, and of extending and consolidating the commercial intercourse between them, have agreed to enter into negotiations for the conclusion of a treaty of navigation and commerce; for No t. to which purpose the President of the United States has conferred full g° m "' powers on James Buchanan, their Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary near His Imperial Majesty; and His Majesty the Emperor of all the Russias has conferred like powers on the Sienr Charles Robert Count de Nesselrode, his `Vice Chancellor, Knight of the Orders of Russia, and of many others, &c.; And the said Plenipotentiaries, having exchanged their full powers, found in good and due form, have concluded and signed the following articles: ARTICLE I. Freedom or There shall be between the territories of the high contracting parties •>¤¤¤!¤¤}‘¤¤ •¤d a reciprocal liberty of commerce and navigation. The inhabitants of “""'g“°‘°“‘ their respective States shall mutually have liberty to enter the ports, places, and rivers of the territories of each party wherever foreign commerce is permitted. They shall be at liberty to sojourn and reside in all parts whatsoever of said territories, in order to attend to their affairs; and they shall enjoy, to that effect, the same security and protection as natives of the country wherein they reside, on condition of their submitting to the laws and ordinances there prevailing, and particularly to the regulations in force concerning commerce. Anrrouz II. v ,, ,, ,,,1 , umu Russian vessels arriving either laden or in ballast in the ports of the equal footing. United States of America, and reciprocally vessels of the United States arriving either laden or in ballast in the ports of the Empire of Russia, shall be treated, on their entrance, during their stay, and at their departure, upon the same footing as national vessels coming from the same place, with respect to the duties of tonnage. In regard to lighthouse duties, pilotage, and port charges, as well as to the fees and perquisites of public officers, and all other duties and charges, of whatever kind or denomination, levied upon vessels of commerce, in the name or to the profit of the Government, the local authorities, or of any private establishments whatsoever, the high contracting parties shall reciprocally treat each other upon the footing of the most favored nations with whom they have not treaties now actually in force, regulating the said duties and charges on the basis of an entire reciprocity. Aucrromr III. E_qu al i ty or All kind of merchandise and articles of commerce, which may be duties on imports. lawfully Imported into the ports of the Empire of Russia in Bussian vessels, may also be so imported in vessels of the United States of America, without paying other or higher duties or charges, of whatever