Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/687

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680 PUBLIC TREATIES. Anrrorn XIX. Coniiscatio u of The articles of contraband before enumerated and classified which °°¤°'°b°“d mi- may be found in a vessel bound for an enemy’s port shall be subject to °l°°' detention and confiscation, leaving free the rest of the cargo and the ship, that the owners may dispose of them a they see proper. N 0 vessel of either of the two nations shall be detained on the high seas on account of having on board articles of contraband, wheneverthe master, captain, or supercargo of said vessels will deliver up the articles of contraband to the captor, unless the quantity of such articles be so great and of so large a bulk they cannot be received on board the capturing ship without great inconvenience; but in this and all other cases of just detention the vessel detained shall be sent to the nearest convenient and safe port for trial and judgment, according to law. Anricnn XX. B‘°°k°d°d P°'*“· And whereas it frequently happens that vessels sail for a port or place belonging to‘an enemy without knowing that the same is besieged or blockaded, or invested, it is agreed that every vessel so circumstanced may be turned away from such port or place, but shall not be detained; nor shall any part of her cargo, if not contraband, be confiscated, unless, after warning of such blockade or investment from the commanding omcer of the blockading forces, she shall again attempt to enter; but she shall be permitted to go to any other port or place she shall think proper. Nor shall any vessel that may have entered into such port before the same was actually besieged, blockaded, or invested by the other, be restrained from quitting that place with her cargo; nor, if found therein after the reduction and surrender, shall such vessel or her cargo be liable to confiscation, but they shall be restored to the owners thereof. Anrromi XXI. _i$¤g¤l¤¤i¤¤ of In order to prevent all kind of disorder in the visiting and examina- "“"’“ “* “°“· tion of the ships and cargoes of both the contracting parties on the high seas, they have agreed mutually that whenever a national vessel of war, public or private, shall meet with a neutral of the other contracting party, the nrst shall remain out of cannon-shot, unless in stres of weather, and may send its boat, with two or three men only, in order to execute the said examination of the papers concerning the ownership and cargo of the vessel, without causing the least extortion, violence, or ill-treatment, for which the commanders of said armed ships shall be responsible, with their persons and property ; for which purpose the commanders of private armed vessels shall, before receiving their commissions, give sufficient security to answer for all the damage they may commit. And it is expressly agreed that the neutral party shall in no case be required to go on board the examining vessel for the purpose of exhibiting her papers, or for any other purpose whatever. Anrroxzn XXII. Sea-letters or To avoid all kinds of vexation and abuse in the examination of the 1>=>·¤¤i•<>¤¤¤· papers relating to the owner hip of the vessels belonging to the citizens of the two contracting parties, they have agreed, and do hereby agree, that in case one of them should be engaged in war, the ships and vessels belonging to the citizens of the other must be furnished with sea—letters or passports expressing the name, property, and bulk of the ship, as also the name and place of habitation of -the master and commander of the said vessel, in order that it may thereby appear that the ship really and truly belongs to the citizens of one [of] the parties. They have likewise agreed that when such ships have a cargo, they shall also be