Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/80

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BOLIVIA, 1858. 73 The like neutrality shall be extended to ersons who i Porso s neutral ship with this effect, that although tIhey mav be ehlecmidsltoabgth"‘°““”1!:’°g&?;Md or either party, they are not to be taken out of that ship unless they are oihccrs or soldiers, and in the actual service of the enemies. The contracting parties engage to apply these principles to the commerce and navigation of all such powers and States as shall consent to adopt them as permanent and immutable. Amucnn XVII. This liberty of navigation and commerce shall extend to all kinds of contraband of merchandise, excepting those only which are distinguished by the name WM- of contraband of war, and under this name shall be comprehended- 1st. Cannons, mortars, howitzers, swivels, blunderbusses, muskets, fusees, rifles, carbines, pistols, pike , swords, sabres, lances, spears, halberds, and grenades, bombs, powder, matches, balls, and all other things belonging to the use of these arms. 2d._ Bucklers, helmets, breastplates, coats of mail, infantry belts, and clothes made up in the form and for a military use. ‘3d. Cavalry belts, and horses, with their furniture. _ 4th. And, generally, all kinds of arms, offensive and defensive, and instruments of iron, steel, brass, and copper, or any other materials {nagufactured, prepared, and formed expressly to make war by sea or an . Anrrcmc XVIII. All other merchandises and things not comprehended in the articles Property not conof contraband explicitly enumerated and classified as above, shall be t¤b¤·¤d- held and considered as free, and subjects of free and lawful commerce, so that they may be carried and transported in the freest manner by the citizens of both the contracting parties, even to places belonging to an enemy, excepting only those places which are at that time besieged or blockaded ; and to avoid all doubt in this particular, it is declared Definition of that those places or ports only are besieged or blockaded which are bl°°k°d°· aptplally attaeked by a belligerent force capable of preventing the entry 0 e neutra . Anrrom XIX. The articles of contraband before enumerated and classified which Capture of vosmay be found in a vessel bound to an enemy’s port shall be subject to :°lb°¤¤;¤'¤¤8 °°¤· detention and confiscation, leaving free the rest of the cargo and the "" ““" ship, that the owners may dispose of them as they see proper. No vessel of either of the two nations shall be detained on the high seas on account of having on board articles of contraband, whenever the master, captain, or supercargo of said vessel will deliver up tl\O.8I"lGl0lCS of contraband to the captor, unles the quantity of such articles be so great or of so large a bulk that they cannot be received on board the capturing ship without great inconvenience; but in this, as well as all other cases of just detention, the vessel detained shall be sent the Imarest convenient and safe port for trial and judgment according to aw. Amrctn XX. And whereas it frequently happens that vessels sail for a port or Blookadod pom. places belonging to an enemy without knowing that the same_1s besieged, blockaded, or invested, it is agreed that every vessel so circumstanecd may be turned away trom such port or place, but shall not be detained; nor shall any part of her cargo, if not contraband, be confiscated, unless, after warning of such blockade or investment from any