Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 18 Part 2c.djvu/801

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794 PUBLIC TREATIES. lic agents, the same favours, immunities, and exemptions, which those of the most favoured nation do or shall enjoy, itbeing understood that whatever favours, im munities,or privileges the United States of America or the Republic of Venezuela may Gnd it proper to give to the Munsters and other public agents of any other Power, shall, by the same act, be extended to those of each of the contracting parties. Anrrcrn XXIX. eonsuls and vice- To make more effectual the protection which the United States and <><>¤¤¤l¤- the Republic of Venezuela. shall afford in future to the navigation and commerce of the citizens of each other, they agree to receive and admit Consuls and Vice- Con suls in all the ports open to foreign com inerce, who shall enjoy in them all the rights, prerogatives, and immunities of the Consuls and Vice·C0nsuls of the most favoured nation; each contracting party, however, remaining at liberty to ex[c]ept those ports and places in which the admission and residence of such Consuls [and Vice- Consuls] may not seem convenient. Anrrcrm XXX. Exoquaturs. In order that the Consuls and Vice-Consuls of the two contracting parties may enjoy the rights, prerogatives, and immunities which belong to them by their public character, they shall, before entering on the exercise of their functions, exhibit their commission or patent in due form to the Government to which they are accredited; and, having obtained their exequatur, they shall be held and considered as such by all the authorities, magistrates, and inhabitants in the consular district in which they reside. Anrrcnm XXXL Exemptions of It is likewise agreed that the Consuls, their secretaries, officers, and °°“¤“l’*' °m°°”· persons attached to the service of Consul, they not being citizens of the country in which the Consul resides, shall be exempt from all kinds of taxes, imposts, and contributions, except those which they shall be obliged to pay on account of commerce or their property, to which the citizens and inhabitants, native and foreign, of the country in which they reside are subject, being in everything besides subject to the laws of the respective States. The archives and papers of the consulates shall be respected inviolably, and under no pretext whatever shall any magistrate seize or in any way interfere with them. Anzrrcmn XXXII. Desorters from The said Oonsuls shall have power to require the assistance of the V¤¤¤¤l¤- authorities of the country for the arrest, detention, and custody of deserters from the public and private vessels of their country, and for that purpose they shall address themselves to the courts, judges, and officers competent, and shall demand the said deserters in writing; proving by an exhibition of the registers of the vesse1’s or ship’s roll, or other public documents, that those men were part of the said crews, and on this demand so proved, (saving, however, where the contrary is proved,) the delivery shall not be refused. Such deserters, when arrested, shall be put at the disposal of said Consuls, and may be put 1n the public prisons, at the request and expence of those who reclaim them, to be sent to the ships to which they belonged, or to others of the same nation. But if they be not sent back within two months, to be counted from the day of their arrest, they shall be set at liberty, and shall be no more arrested for the same cause.