802 rustic rnsarins. extended to persons who are on board a free ship, with this eticct, that, although they be enemies to either party, they are not to be taken out of that free ship unless they are soldiers and in actual service of the enemy. Antricrn XV. Examination of In time of war the merchant-ships belonging to the citizens of either V°“°1°· of the contracting parties which shall be bound to a port of theenemy of one of the parties, and concerning whose voyage and the articles of theliictargo thelpe shallgle jnstl grounds of siulppiciops, shall ggsoblggeglnto exii aswe upon e lg seasasin epor orro y their passports, but likewise their certificates, showing that their goods are not of the quality of those which are specified to be contraband in the thirteenth article of the present convention. Anrrcmn XVI. P3¤¤¤p<>rt·¤ an 41 And thatcaptures on light suspicions may be avoided, and injuries °°’*'6°“*°°· thence arising prevented, it is agreed that, when one party shall be engaged in war, and the other party be neutral, the ships of the neutral party shall be furnished with passports, that it may appear thereby that the ships really belong to the citizens of the neutral party; they shall as valid liter] any nulmber of voyages, but shall be renewed every yearat isthe s ip appens to return home in the space of a year. If the ships are laden, they shall be provided, not only with the passports above mentioned, but also with certificates, so that it may be known whether they carry any contraband goods. No other paper shall be required, any usage or ordinance to the contrary notwithstanding. And if it shall not appear from the said certificates that there are contraband goods on board, the ships shall be permitted to proceed on their voyage. If it shall appear from the certificates that there are contraband goods on board any such ship, and the commander of the same shall olfer to deliver them up, the offer shall be accepted, and a receipt for the same shall be given, and the ship shall be at liberty to pursue its voyage, unless the quantity of the contraband goods be greater than calp clpnveniently belfeceived on board the ship of war or privateer ; in w ic case as in a other cases of just detention the ship shall be carried mul the nearest safe and convenient port for ,the delivery of the same. If any ship shall not be furnished with such passport or certificates as are above required for the same, such case may be examined by a proper judge or tribunal; and if it shall appear from other documents or proofs, admissible by the usage of nations, that the ship belongs to the citizens or subjects of the neutral party, it shall not be confiscated, but shall be released with her cargo, (contraband goods excepted ) and be permitted to proceed on her voyage. ’ If the master of a ship, named in the passport, should happen to die, or_be removed by any other cause, and another put in hi place, the glgnlpagriducpggofghéh, nevertheless, be equally secure, and the passport Anrrcm XVII. ·1@egu iauaa of If the ships of the citizens of either of the t' 1;- ll ·
- ¤¤¤¢¤ M we on the high seas by any ship of war or priva‘tge`rm<?f ine oghegrforwthe
avoiding of any disorder the said ships of war or privateers shall remain gpgpofv lepplpqlngrholta and mlaéyétsendhtheiré boats 0; bpard the merchant— s wi an m two or three men only, to whom the masteginfucommghcgzsgf lshlglxhirf shall exhibit his passport concerning the property of the ship · and it is expressly agreed that the neutral party shall in no case be required to go on board the examining vessel for the purpose of exhibiting his papers, or for any other examination whatever.