Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 2.djvu/367

From Wikisource
Jump to: navigation, search
This page needs to be proofread.

EIGHTH CONGRESS. Sess.1I. Ch. 31. 1805. 331 Srnuu: II. C nap. XXXL-—-dn ./2c! further providing for the government of the district of Much 3 1805 L0uiaiana.(¢z) --4-: Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United District of Stages of America in Congress assembled, That all that part of the coun- £‘;’a:“‘°é‘“m° uy ceded by France to the United States, under the general name of nm glgthaigiri. Louisiana, which, by im 3Ct of U18 last Session of Congress, was erected wry cff L<>¤i§i·· into a separate district, to be called the district of Louisiana, shall hence- Z;‘r;l:"th0‘;e‘:f forth be known and designated by the name and title of the Territory of ment. E i Louisiana, the government whereof shall be organized and administered i804, ch- 38- as follows: The executive power shall be vested in a governor, who shall reside Executive _ in said territory, and hold his office during the term of three years, un- §°‘;‘:;£f;°d m less sooner removed by the President of the United States. He shall be iiiow appointeommander in chief of the militia. of the said territory, superintendent edi &¢· ex ofHcio of Indian affairs, and shall appoint and commission all officers in the same, below the rank of general officers; shall have power to His powers grant pardons for offences against the same, and reprieves for those Md ¤¤*h°*m°¤· against the United States, until the decision of the President thereon shall be known. Sec. 2. There shall be a secretary, whose commission shall continue Secretary to in for-ce for four years, unless sooner revoked by the President of the b° “PP°l“*°d”' United States, who shall reside in the said territory, and whose duty it Hisduties,&c. shall be, under the direction of the governor, to record and preserve all the papers and proceedings of the executive, and all the acts of the governor and of the legislative body, and transmit authentic copies of the same every six months, to the President of the United States. In case of a vacancy of the olli ce of governor, the government of the said territory shall be exercised by the secretary. Sec. 3. The legislative power shall (be) vested in the governor and Legislative in three judges, or a majority of them, who shall have power to establish lmggfsjnjln how inferior courts in the said territory, and prescribe their jurisdiction and vm0d_ duties, and to make all laws which they may deem conducive to the good government of the inhabitants thereof: Provided however, that no 1jIo1_aw_to bc law shall be valid which is inconsistent with the constitution and laws 'FM 'f .‘"°"“' . . . srstent with the of the United States, or which shall lay any person under restraint or ,,,,,,,,,;,,,,,0,, and disability on account of his religious opinions, profession, or worship, in laws of the Uniall of which he shall be free to maintain his own and not be burthened °°d S"'*°’· with those of another. And provided also, that in all criminal prosecu- _Al1 criminal tions, the trial shall be by a jury of twelve good and lawful men of the Y':;‘;f“h“"l’° bl' vicinage, and in all civil cases of the value of one hundred dollars, the J Lgjwg to bg trial shall be by jury, if either of the parties require it. And the go- published and vernor shall publish throughoutthe said territory, all the laws which may ;;;’°;‘;,ig;’;: be made as aforesaid, and shall from time to time report the same to the ,, p,,],,,,,; of by President of the United States, to be laid before Congress, which, if dis- Cicingiesa to approved of by Congress, shall thenceforth cease and be of no effect. °°}$g“ to be Sec. 4. There shall be appointed three judges, who shall hold their up 0;,,,,,,;, to offices for the term of four years, who, or any two of them, shall hold hold their orannually two courts within the said district, at such place as will be if h3;' most convenient to the inhabitants thereof in general: shall possess the two ci,,,,,, in a same jurisdiction which is possessed by the judges of the Indiana terri- year. tory, and shall continue in session until all the business depending before them shall be disposed o£ diction. Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That for the more convenient Governor to distribution of `ustice the revention of crimes and injuries, and execu- lv °“°.th° t'?" J > P , rntory into dnsticn of process criminal and civil, the governor shall proceed from time mm, gw_ (a) By the act of June 4, 1812, chap. 95, entitled, ".An act. for providing for the government of the territory of Missouri,’> the territory of Louisiana shall be called ” Missouri,’¤