Act of April 14, 1818, ch. 61.
Act of May 12, 1820, ch. 97.
Military peace establishment.Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That, from and after the first day of June next, the military peace establishment of the United States shall be composed of four regiments of artillery, and seven regiments of infantry, with such officers of engineers, of ordnance, and of the staff as are hereinafter provided for.
A supernumerary captain for ordnance duty.
Infantry.Sec. 2. And be it further enacted, That each regiment of artillery shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, one major, one sergeant major, one quartermaster sergeant, and nine companies, one of which shall be designated and equipped as light artillery; and that there shall be attached to each regiment of artillery one supernumerary captain to perform ordnance duty; and that each company shall consist of one captain, two first lieutenants, two second lieutenants, four sergeants, four corporals, three artificers, two musicians, and forty-two privates. That each regiment of infantry shall consist of one colonel, one lieutenant colonel, one major, one sergeant major, one quartermaster sergeant, two principal musicians, and ten companies; each of which shall consist of one captain, one first lieutenant, one second lieutenant, three sergeants, four corporals, two musicians, and forty-two privates; and that to each regiment of artillery and infantry there shall be one adjutant,Adjutant to each regiment. who shall be taken from the subalterns of the line.
Engineers retained, except bombardiers.Sec. 3. And be it further enacted, That the corps of engineers, (bombardiers excepted,) and the topographical engineers, and their assistants, shall be retained in service as at present organized.
Ordnance department to be merged in the artillery.Sec. 4. And be it further enacted, That the ordnance department shall be merged in the artillery; and that the President of the United States be, and he is hereby, authorized to select, from the regiments of artillery, such officers as may be necessary to perform ordnance duties, who, while so detached, shall receive the pay and emoluments now received by ordnance officers, and shall be subject only to the orders of the War Department; and that the number of enlisted men in the ordnance department be reduced to fifty-six.
One major general with two aids, and two brigadiers with an aid each.Sec. 5. And be it further enacted, That there shall be one major general, with two aids-de-camp, two brigadier generals, each with one aid-de-camp; and that the aids-de-camp be taken from the subalterns of the line, and, in addition to their other duties, shall perform the duties of assistant adjutant general.
One adjutant and two inspectors general, &c.Sec. 6. And be it further enacted, That there shall be one adjutant general, and two inspectors general, with the rank, pay, and emoluments, of colonels of cavalry.
A quartermaster general.
Ten assistant quartermasters, &c.Sec. 7. And be it further enacted, That there shall be one quartermaster general; that there shall be two quartermasters, with the rank, pay, and emoluments, of majors of cavalry; and ten assistant quartermasters, who shall, in addition to their pay in the line, receive a sum not less than ten dollars, nor more than twenty dollars, per month, to be regulated by the Secretary of War.
A commissary general of subsistence.Sec. 8. And be it further enacted, That there shall be one commissary general of subsistence; and that there shall be as many assistant commissaries as the service may require, not exceeding fifty, who shall be taken from the subalterns of the line, and shall, in addition to their pay in the line, receive a sum not less than ten, nor more than twenty dollars per month; and that the assistantAssistant commissaries. quartermasters, and assistant commissaries of subsistence, shall be subject to duties in both departments under the orders of the Secretary of War.
A paymaster general and fourteen paymasters.
Commissary of purchases.Sec. 9. And be it further enacted, That there shall be one paymaster general, with the present compensation, and fourteen paymasters, with