54 STAT.] 76TH CONG., 3D SESS. -CH. 689-AUG. 27, 1940 or all members and units of any or all reserve components of the Army of the United States (except that any person in the National Guard of the United States under the age of 18 years so ordered into the active military service shall be immediately issued an honorable discharge from the National Guard of the United States), and retired personnel of the Regular Army, with or without their consent, to such extent and in such manner as he may deem necessary for the strength- ening of the national defense: Provided, That the members and units of the reserve components of the Army of the United States ordered into active Federal service under this authority shall not be employed beyond the limits of the Western Hemisphere except in the terri- tories and possessions of the United States, including the Philippine Islands. SEC. 2 . All National Guard, Reserve, and retired personnel ordered into the active military service of the United States under the fore- going special authority, shall from the dates on which they are respec- tively required by such order to report for duty in such service, be subject to the respective laws and regulations relating to enlistments, reenlistments, employment, conduct, rights, and privileges, and dis- charge of such personnel in such service to the same extent in all par- ticulars as if they had been ordered into such service under existing general statutory authorizations. SEC. 3 . (a) Any member of any reserve component of the land or naval forces who is on active duty or who may be assigned to active duty and who, in the judgment of those in authority over him, satis- factorily completes such active duty, and any person so ordered into the active military service of the United States who, in the judgment of those in authority over him, satisfactorily completes the period of service required under this joint resolution, shall be entitled to a certificate to that effect upon the completion of such active duty or such period of service, which shall include a record of any special pro- ficiency or merit attained. In addition, each such person who is assigned to such active duty or ordered into such active military service shall be given a physical examination at the beginning of such active duty or service and a medical statement showing any physical defects noted upon such examination; and upon the comple- tion of the period of such active duty or service, each such person shall be given another physical examination and shall be given a medical statement showing any injuries, illnesses or disabilities suffered by him during such period of active duty or service. (b) In the case of any such person who, in order to perform such active duty or such service, has left or leaves a position, other than a temporary position, in the employ of any employer and who (1) receives such certificate, (2) is still qualified to perform the duties of such position, and (3) makes application for reemployment within forty days after he is relieved from such active duty or service- (A) if such position was in the employ of the United States Government, its Territories or possessions, or the District of Columbia, such person shall be restored to such position or to a position of like seniority, status and pay; (B) if such position was in the employ of a private employer, such employer shall restore such person to such position or to a position of like seniority, status and pay unless the employer's circumstances have so changed as to make it impossible or unrea- sonable to do so; (C) if such position was in the employ of any State or political subdivision thereof it is hereby declared to be the sense of the Congress that such person should be restored to such position or to a position of like seniority, status and pay. Persons in National Guard under 18 years of age. Proviso. Service limited to Western Hemisphere; exception. Applicability of en- listment laws. etc. Certificate showing service record, etc. Physical examina- tions; medical state- ments. Reemployment upon discharge. By . S..overn- ment, etc. By private employ- er. By State, etc.