54 STAT.] 76TH CONG. , 3D SESS.-CHS. 719, 720-SEPT. 13, 16 , 1940 [CHAPTER 719] 885 JOINT RESOLUTION September 13, 1940 To authorize Jesse H. Jones, Federal Loan Administrator, to be appointed to, i. s . Res. 3 62] and to perform the duties of, the Office of Secretary of Commerce. [Pub. Res., No. 97] Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That notwith- standing any provision of law to the contrary, Jesse H. Jones, Fed- eral Loan Administrator, may continue in such office and be appointed to, in the manner now provided by law, and may exercise the duties of the Office of Secretary of Commerce: Provided, That the total compensation to be paid him as Secretary of Commerce and as Federal Loan Administrator shall be that provided by law for the Secretary of Commerce. Approved, September 13, 1940, 1 p.m ., E. S . T . Appointment of Jesse H. Jones, Fed- eral Loan Administra- tor, to Office of Secre- tary of Commerce. Proviso. Total compensa- tion. [CHAPTER 7201 AN ACT September 16, 1940 To provide for the common defense by increasing the personnel of the armed forces [S. 4164] of the United States and providing for its training. [Public, No. 7831 Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That (a) the Con- gress hereby declares that it is imperative to increase and train the personnel of the armed forces of the United States. (b) The Congress further declares that in a free society the obli- gations and privileges of military training and service should be shared generally in accordance with a fair and just system of selective compulsory military training and service. (c) The Congress further declares, in accordance with our tradi- tional military policy as expressed in the National Defense Act of 1916, as amended, that it is essential that the strength and organiza- tion of the National Guard, as an integral part of the first-line defenses of this Nation, be at all times maintained and assured. To this end, it is the intent of the Congress that whenever the Congress shall determine that troops are needed for the national security in excess of those of the Regular Army and those in active training and service under section 3 (b), the National Guard of the United States, or such part thereof as may be necessary, shall be ordered to active Federal service and continued therein so long as such necessity exists. SEC. 2 . Except as otherwise provided in this Act, it shall be the duty of every male citizen of the United States, and of every male alien resid- ing in the United States, who, on the day or days fixed for the first or any subsequent registration, is between the ages of twenty-one and thirty-six, to present himself for and submit to registration at such time or times and place or places, and in such manner and in such age group or groups, as shall be determined by rules and regulations prescribed hereunder. SEC. 3 . (a) Except as otherwise provided in this Act, every male citizen of the United States, and every male alien residing in the United States who has declared his intention to become such a citizen, between the ages of twenty-one and thirty-six at the time fixed for his registra- tion, shall be liable for training and service in the land or naval forces of the United States. The President is authorized from time to time whether or not a state of war exists, to select and induct into the land and naval forces of the United States for training and service, in the manner provided in this Act, such number of men as in his judgment is required for such forces in the national interest: Provided That within the limits of the quota determined under section 4 (b) for the subdivision in which he resides, any person, regardless of race or color, between the ages of eighteen and thirty-six, shall be afforded an oppor- Selective Training and Service Act of 1940. Declarations of Con- gress. 39 Stat. 166 . Registration. Age limits. Liability for train- ing and service. Number of men to be selected and in- ducted. Proisos. Volunteering for in- duction.