Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 54 Part 1.djvu/924

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PUBLIC LAWS-CH. 720-SEPT. 16 , 1940 Bounty and substi- tute prohibitions. Proviso. Allowances not re- garded as bounties. Certificate upon completion of train- ing, etc. Physical examina- tions. Restoration to posi- tions. Government or D. C . employees. Private employees. State, etc., employ- ees. Status upon resto- ration. of men than the Congress shall hereafter make specific appropriation for from time to time. SEO. 7 . No bounty shall be paid to induce any person to enlist in or be inducted into the land or naval forces of the United States: Pro- vided, That the clothing or enlistment allowances authorized by law shall not be regarded as bounties within the meaning of this section. No person liable for service in such forces shall be permitted or allowed to furnish a substitute for such service; no substitute as such shall be received, enlisted, enrolled, or inducted into the land or naval forces of the United States; and no person liable for training and service in such forces under section 3 shall be permitted to escape such training and service or be discharged therefrom prior to the expiration of his period of such training and service by the payment of money or any other valuable thing whatsoever as consideration for his release from such training and service or liability therefor. SEC. 8 . (a) Any person inducted into the land or naval forces under this Act for training and service, who, in the judgment of those in authority over him, satisfactorily completes his period of training and service under section 3 (b) shall be entitled to a certificate to that effect upon the completion of such period of training and service, which shall include a record of any special proficiency or merit attained. In addi- tion, each such person who is inducted into the land or naval forces under this Act for training and service shall be given a physical exam- ination at the beginning of such training and service and a medical statement showing any physical defects noted upon such examination; and upon the completion of his period of training and service under section 3 (b), each such person shall be given another physical exam- ination and shall be given a medical statement showing any injuries, illnesses or disabilities suffered by him during such period of training and service. (b) In the case of any such person who, in order to perform such training and service, has left or leaves a position, other than a temporary position, in the employ of any employer and who (1) receives such certificate, (2) is still qualified to perform the duties of such position, and (3) makes application for reemployment within forty days after he is relieved from such training and service- (A) if such position was in the employ of the United States Government, its Territories or possessions, or the District of Columbia, such person shall be restored to such position or to a position of like seniority, status, and pay; (B) if such position was in the employ of a private employer, such employer shall restore such person to such position or to a position of like seniority, status, and pay unless the employer's circumstances have so changed as to make it impossible or unrea- sonable to do so; (C) if such position was in the employ of any State or political subdivision thereof, it is hereby declared to be the sense of the Congress that such person should be restored to such position or to a position of like seniority, status, and pay. (c) Any person who is restored to a position in accordance with the provisions of paragraph (A) or (B) of subsection (b) shall be con- sidered as having been on furlough or leave of absence during his period of training and service in the land or naval forces, shall be so restored without loss of seniority, shall be entitled to participate in insurance or other benefits offered by the employer pursuant to established rules and practices relating to employees on furlough or leave of absence in effect with the employer at the time such person was inducted into such forces, and shall not be discharged from such position without cause within one year after such restoration. 890 [54 STAT.