Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 60 Part 1.djvu/783

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756 PUBLIC LAWS-CH. 724-AUG. 1 , 1946 [60 STAT. time to time. It is reasonable to anticipate, however, that tapping this new source of energy will cause profound changes in our present way of life. Accordingly, it is hereby declared to be the policy of the people of the United States that, subject at all times to the para- mount objective of assuring the common defense and security, the development and utilization of atomic energy shall, so far as prac- ticable, be directed toward improving the public welfare, increasing the standard of living, strengthening free competition in private enterprise, and promoting world peace. Major programs. (b) PURPOSE OF ACT. -It is the purpose of this Act to effectuate the policies set out in section 1 (a) by providing, among others, for the following major programs relating to atomic energy: Private research. (1) A program of assisting and fostering private research and development to encourage maximum scientific progress; Control of informa- (2) A program for the control of scientific and technical informa- tio tion which will permit the dissemination of such information to encourage scientific progress, and for the sharing on a reciprocal basis of information concerning the practical industrial application of atomic energy as soon as effective and enforceable safeguards against its use for destructive purposes can be devised; Federal research (3) A program of federally conducted research and development and development to assure the Government of adequate scientific and technical accom- plishment; overnmentcontrol (4) A program for Government control of the production, owner- ofmateril. ship, and use of fissionable material to assure the common defense and security and to insure the broadest possible exploitation of the fields; and Administration. (5) A program of administration which will be consistent with the foregoing policies and with international arrangements made by the United States, and which will enable the Congress to be currently informed so as to take further legislative action as may hereafter be appropriate. ORGANIZATION SEC. 2 . (a) AToMIc ENERGY COMMISSION. - (1) There is hereby established an Atomic Energy Commission Members. (herein called the Commission), which shall be composed of five members. Three members shall constitute a quorum of the Commis- sion. The President shall designate one member as Chairman of the Commission. Applontment. (2) Members of the Commission shall be appointed by the Presi- dent, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate. In submitting any nomination to the Senate, the President shall set forth the Term of office. experience and the qualifications of the nominee. The term of office of each member of the Commission taking office prior to the expiration of two years after the date of enactment of this Act shall expire upon the expiration of such two years. The term of office of each member of the Commission taking office after the expiration of two years from the date of enactment of this Act shall be five years, except that (A) the terms of office of the members first taking office after the expiration of two years from the date of enactment of this Act shall expire, as designated by the President at the time of appointment, one at the end of three years, one at the end of four years, one at the end of five years, one at the end of six years, and one at the end of seven years, after the date of enactment of this Act; and (B) any member appointed to fill a vacancy occurring prior to the expiration of the term for which his predecessor was appointed, shall be appointed for the remainder of such term. Any member of the Commission may be removed by the President for inefficiency, neglect of duty, or