PUBLIC LAW 203-AUG. 7, 1953
[67 S T A T.
after the date of its enactment: Provided, however, That immediately following the enactment of this Act the Farm Credit Administration shall proceed with the designation of nominees as provided in section Ante, p. 390. 4 ^^^^ hereof and the members of the Federal F a r m Credit Board shall be appointed or designated sufficiently in advance of the effective date of this Act to enable said Board to prepare to enter upon the discharge of its duties upon the effective date of this Act; and after the effective date of this Act, the compensation and expenses of the Board members shall be paid, as provided herein, from the date on which their appointments became effective, out of any funds available for the payment of administrative expenses of the Farm Credit Administration. SEC. 19. All Acts or parts of Acts inconsistent with the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed to the extent of such inconsistency, cimfsef ^ ^^ ^* '^ ^^^- ^^- (^) I^ ^^y provision of this Act, or the application thereof to any person or circumstances, is held invalid, the remainder of the Act, and the application of such provisions to other persons or circumstances, shall not be affected thereby. (b) The right to alter, amend, or repeal this Act is hereby expressly reserved. Approved August 6, 1953. Public Law 203
August 7, 1953
—[H' R« 6481]—
Yov the relief of certain refugees, and orphans, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Art^'of^iltsi!*^^*^ United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the "Refugee Relief Act of 1953". DEFINITIONS
SEC. 2. (a) "Refugee" means any person in a country or area which is neither Communist nor Communist-dominated, who because of persecution, fear of persecution, natural calamity or military operations is out of his usual place of abode and unable to return thereto, who has not been firmly resettled, and who is in urgent need of assistance for the essentials of life or for transportation. (b) "Escapee" means any refugee who, because of persecution or fear of persecution on account of race, religion, or political opinion, fled from the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics or other Communist, Communist-dominated or Communist-occupied area of Europe including those parts of Germany under military occupation by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, and who cannot return thereto because of fear of persecution on account of race, religion or political opinion. (c) "German expellee" means any refugee of German ethnic origin residing in the area of the German Federal Republic, western sector of Berlin, or in Austria who was born in and was forcibly removed from or forced to flee from Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Rumania, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, Yugoslavia, or areas provisionally under the administration or control or domination of any such countries, except the Soviet zone of military occupation of Germany. (d) "Administrator" means the administrator of the Bureau of Security and Consular Affairs established in the Department of State pursuant to subsection (b) of section 104 of the Immigration and Nationality Act.