Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 76A.djvu/152

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-56Subchapter I—General Provisions § 121. Actions between nonresidents A civil action or special proceeding may not be brought in the courts of the Canal Zone where all the parties are nonresidents of the Canal Zone, unless the claim for relief or cause of action is one which arose within the territorial limits of the Canal Zone, or one of the parties proceeded against has property within the territorial limits subject to attachment or execution, or is engaged in business or is employed within the territorial limits. Subchapter II—Jurisdiction of District Court § 141. General jurisdiction of district court The district court has jurisdiction of all: (1) civil and criminal actions, except those within the original jurisdiction of the magistrates' courts; (2) cases in admiralty; (3) appeals from the magistrates' courts; (4) actions and proceedings involving laws of the United States applicable to the Canal Zone; and (5) other matters and proceedings wherein jurisdiction is conferred by this Code or any other law. § 142. Admiralty jurisdiction The jurisdiction in admiralty conferred upon the district court and the district judge is the same as is exercised by the United States district courts and the United States district judges. § 143. Jurisdiction of offenses committed within special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of United States In addition to the jurisdiction specifically conferred on it by this Code and other laws, the district court has jurisdiction of offenses under the criminal laws of the United States when such offenses are committed beyond the territorial limits of the Canal Zone but within the special maritime and territorial jurisdiction of the United States as defined by section 7 of Title 18, United States Code, and the offenders are found in the Canal Zone or are brought into the Canal Zone after the commission of the offense. This section does not deprive the United States district courts of any jurisdiction now provided by law. Subchapter III—Jurisdiction of Magistrates' Courts § 171. General jurisdiction of magistrates' courts The magistrates' courts have exclusive original jurisdiction coextensive with the subdivision in which each is situated of all: (1) civil actions in which the principal sum claimed does not exceed $500; (2) criminal actions wherein the punishment which may be imposed does not exceed a fine of $100, or imprisonment in jail for 30 days, or both; (3) criminal actions under section 1692 of Title 6 for reckless driving, where bodily injury to a person is not involved, and under section 1693 of Title 6 for driving while intoxicated; and (4) actions involving the forcible entry and detainer of real estate.