Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 76A.djvu/404

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-308If no one claims the amount, as herein provided, or if a claim is made and disallowed and the court so directs, the amount devolves to the United States and shall be covered into the Treasury as miscellaneous receipts. CHAPTER 13—TRIAL SITBCHAPTEB 1—TBIAL BY JUBT Sec.

451. 452. 453. 454.

Jury trial of right. Challenges. Challenges for cause. Jury to be sworn. SUBCHAPTER II

471. 472. 473. 474. 475. 476. 477. 478. 479. 480. 481. 482.

CONDUCT OF TRIAL

Order of proceedings on trial. View by jury. Instructions to jury. Admonition when jury permitted to separate. Items taken with jury. Retirement and deliberation of jury; three-fourths verdict. Return to court for instructions. Discharge without verdict; retrial. Adjournment while jury absent; sealed verdict. Manner of giving verdict; three-fourths verdict; polling jury. Correction of informal or insufficient verdict. Entry of verdict.

Subchapter I—Trial by Jury § 451. Jury trial of right Except as otherwise provided by law, a party has a right of trial by jury of issues of fact in a civil case at law orijiinating in the district court. § 452. Challenges (a) In civil cases, each party is entitled to four peremptory challenges. Several defendants or several plaintiffs may be considered as a single party for the purposes of making challenges, or the court may.allow additional peremptory challenges and permit them to be exercised separately or jointly. If two or more actions are consolidated for trial, the court may allow each party the number of peremptory challenges he would have if the actions were tried separately. (b) Challenges for cause or favor, whether to the array or panel or to individual jurors, shall be determined by the court. § 453. Challenges for cause Challenges for cause may be taken on one or more of the following grounds: (1) a want of any of the qualifications prescribed to render a person competent as a juror; (2) consanguinity or affinity within the fourth degree to a party, or to an officer of a corporation which is a party; (3) standing in the relation of guardian and ward, master and servant, employer and clerk, or principal and agent, or debtor and creditor, to either party, or to an officer of a corporation which is a party, or being a member of the family of eitner party; or a partner in business with either party; or surety on a bond or obligation for either party, or being the holder of bonds or shares of the capital stock of a corporation which is a party; or having stood within one year previous to the filing of the complaint in the relation of attorney and client with either party or with the attorney for either party; but a depositor of a bank is not deemed