Page:United States Statutes at Large Volume 98 Part 3.djvu/628

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PUBLIC LAW 98-000—MMMM. DD, 1984

98 STAT. 3000

PUBLIC LAW 98-573—OCT. 30, 1984

of intellectual property right protection has served to encourage continuing research, development, and innovation of computer software; Since copyright protection is afforded computer software by most industrialized nations including Japan, the Netherlands, France, the Federal Republic of Germany, the United Kingdom, South Africa, Hungary, Taiwan, and Australia; Since Japan is reviewing a proposal to abandon copyright protection of software and to adopt a system that rejects the principle that software is a work of authorship; Since Japan is reviewing a proposal that also provides broadly for the compulsory licensing of software; and Since the enactment by Japan of such a proposal could prompt the adoption of similar proposals by other nations currently considering this question, with serious adverse effects on the existing international order for the protection of intellectual property rights: Now, therefore, be it Declared that it is the sense of the Congress that— (1) copyright protection is an essential form of intellectual property right protection for computer software; (2) any proposal to abandon copyright protection of software or to provide a new system of legal protection that incorporates compulsory licensing of software would (A) disserve the goal of promoting continuing development and innovation in computer software; (B) undermine the international consensus that computer software is a work of authorship protected by copyright; (C) result in economic harm to the computer software industry of the United States, and also of Japan and of other nations; and (D) contribute to increasing trade tensions among the nations of the world; and (3) if a nation withdraws copyright protection of software or provides for broad compulsory licensing of software, it would be in the interests of the United States and other nations to seek appropriate relief, including that provided under the Universal Copyright Convention, to ensure the just protection of intellectual property rights and the promotion of free and fair trade.

International Investment Act.

19 USC 2101 note.

19 USC 2101. 19 USC 2102


SEC. 301. SHORT TITLE; AMENDMENT OF TRADE ACT OF 1974. (a) This title may be cited as the "International Trade and Investment Act". (b) Except as otherwise expressly provided, whenever in this title an amendment or repeal is expressed in terms of an amendment to, or repeal of, a section or other provision, the reference shall be considered to be made to a section or other provision of the Trade Act of 1974. SEC. 302. STATEMENT OF PURPOSES. The purposes of this title are— (1) to foster the economic growth of, and full employment in, the United States by expanding competitive United States exports through the achievement of commercial opportunities in foreign markets substantially equivalent to those accorded by the United States;