PUBLIC LAW 99-198—DEC. 23, 1985
99 STAT. 1415
have been made under such subsection with respect to such crop. Except as provided in subsection (c)(l)(B), the individual farm program acreage shall be the acreage planted on the farm to upland cotton for harvest within the permitted upland cotton acreage for the farm as established under this paragraph. "(3)(A) The regulations issued by the Secretary under paragraph (2) with respect to acreage required to be devoted to conservation uses shall assure protection of such acreage from weeds and wind and water erosion. "(B) Subject to subparagraph (C), the Secretary may permit, subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary may prescribe, all or any part of such acreage to be devoted to sweet sorghum, hay and grazing, or the production of guar, sesame, safflower, sunflower, castor beans, mustard seed, crambe, plantago ovato, flaxseed, triticale, rye, or other commodity, if the Secretary determines that such production is needed to provide an adequate supply of such commodities, is not likely to increeise the cost of the price support program, and will not affect farm income adversely. "(C)(i) Except as provided in clause (ii), the Secretary shall permit, at the request of the State committee established under section 8(b) of the Soil Conservation and Domestic Allotment Act (16 U.S.C. 590h(b)) for a State and subject to such terms and conditions as the Secretary may prescribe, all or any part of such acreage diverted from production by participating producers in such State to be devoted to— "(I) hay and grazing, in the case of the 1986 crop of upland cotton; and "(II) grazing, in the case of each of the 1987 through 1990 crops of upland cotton. "(ii) Haying and grazing shall not be permitted for any crop of upland cotton under clause (i) during any 5-consecutive-month period that is established for such crop for a State by the State committee established under section 8(b) of such Act. "(4)(A) The Secretary may make land diversion payments to producers of upland cotton, whether or not an acreage limitation program for upland cotton is in effect, if the Secretary determines that such land diversion payments are necessary to assist in adjusting the total national acreage of upland cotton to desirable goals. Such land diversion payments shall be made to producers who, to the extent prescribed by the Secretary, devote to approved conservation uses an acreage of cropland on the farm in accordance with land diversion contracts entered into by the Secretary with such producers. "(B) The amounts payable to producers under land diversion contracts may be determined through the submission of bids for such contracts by producers in such manner as the Secretary may prescribe or through such other means as the Secretary determines appropriate. In determining the acceptability of contract offers, the Secretary shall take into consideration the extent of the diversion to be undertaken by the producers and the productivity of the acreage diverted. "(C) The Secretary shall limit the total acreage to be diverted under agreements in any county or local community so as not to affect adversely the economy of the county or local community. "(5)(A) The reduced acreage and additional diverted acreage may be devoted to wildlife food plots or wildlife habitat in conformity
16 USC 590h. Conservation. Contracts.