INSECTS The Large Cabbage White (Pieris brassica, L.), the Small Cabbage White (P. rapes ^ L.) and the Green-veined White (P. napi, L.) are generally distributed throughout the county and are usually abun- dant. The Bath White (P. daplidice^ L.) has been recorded by Mr. Sydney Webb as having been taken singly at the Hilly Field, Headley and near Box Hill, but no captures have been reported since 1860. The Orange Tip (Anthocharis cardamines, L.) is generally distributed in lanes, fields and woods and is often abundant. The Brimstone (Gonepteryx rbamni, L.) is generally distributed throughout the county and is common in many places where its food plant is plenti- ful, but I have never seen it as common in Surrey as it is in the New Forest and in many of the Sussex woods. The Clouded Yellow (Golias edusa, Fb.) is generally distributed in the county in favourable seasons, and has been taken commonly in the suburban districts about Reigate, Croydon, Surbiton, Hook, Chessington and elsewhere. It was plentiful in clover and lucerne fields close to Surbiton in 1877, 1888, 1893 and 1900. Mr. T. H. Briggs also records it from Betchworth, Ranmore and Leatherhead. The white variety of the female (var. helice) generally occurs with the type more or less commonly. Mr. Sydney Webb says that in the great edusa year of 1877 the var. he lice occurred at the rate of about 20 per cent to the type. In some seasons it averages only about 5 per cent to the type. The Pale Clouded Yellow (C. byale y L.) is generally dis- tributed in the county in certain seasons. The late Edward Newman recorded it as being common at New Cross in 1835. Mr. Barrett recorded it from Haslemere in 1868 and Mr. Sydney Webb says it was common on the railway bank at Buckland in 1876. It occurred sparingly about Surbiton, Hook and Chessington in 1893 and com- monly in clover fields in the same localities in 1900. The Silver Washed Fritillary (Argynnis paphia^ L.) occurs sparingly in most of the woods in the county, but is very rare in the metropolitan district. It has been recorded by Mr. Sydney Webb from Tilburstow and Glutton's Wood south of Redhill, by Mr. J. G. Hewat from the Prince's Covers near Claygate, 1 by Mr. T. H. Briggs from Headley Lane and Mickleham. The writer has taken it occasionally in Headley Lane by the skle of Sir Lucas Pepys' wood, and in the wooded valleys between the locality last named and Betchworth. It also occurs sparingly about the Sheep Leas, West Horsley, and in the woods on Shiere Common ; but it is not, apparently, abundant in Surrey as it is in the New Forest and in many other Hampshire woods, or in the Forest of Dean, Gloucestershire, and in some of the Sussex woods. I have never seen in Surrey the greenish black variety of the female va/ezina which is so common in the New Forest. The Dark Green Fritillary (A. ag/aia, L.) is generally distributed on the chalk downs in the centre of the county, especially at the base of the hills 1 It must be very rare in this locality, as I have never seen more than one or two in a season. H. G. ill
Page:VCH Surrey 1.djvu/153
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