Page:VCH Surrey 1.djvu/220

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.

A HISTORY OF SURREY IULID.E Millipedes in which the body consists of a large but variable number of segments furnished with pores but without the lateral keels characteristic of the Polydesmidtt. 12. lulus teutonicus, Pocock. Ann. Mag. 14. lulus pilosus, Newport. Ann. Mag. Nat. Nat. Hist. (7), vi. p. 206 (1900). Hist. xi. p. 316 (1842). Kew, Kingston-on-Thames, Wimbledon. Kingston-on-Thames. Until recently this species has passed both Resembling /. nlger in colour and the in England and on the continent under the possession of a pointed caudal process, but erroneous name of /. londinensis. With ex- differing in its smaller size and in the absence ception of the latter, which has never been of transverse grooves on the antenor half of discovered since Leach's time, I. teutonics is the body-segments. the largest tailless form of this genus met 15. lulus punctatus, Leach. Zool. Misc. iii. with in Britain. p. 34 (1817). /. londinensis, Leach (7r. Linn. Soc. xi. Weybridge, Kew. P- 3?8 [1815]), described from the environs A , lowish b row n species with a lateral of London, may prove to belong to the spot ^ ^ body ^ mts and a clavate Surrey fauna. bluntly pointed caudal process. Found in 13. lulus niger, Leach. Zool. Misc. iii. p. 34 rotten wood. ( I 8l7)- 1 6. Blaniulus guttulatus, Bosc. Bull. Soc. Kingston-on-Thames, Putney. Philom. p. 12 (1792). About as large as the preceding and jet Kew. black in colour, but furnished with a long A very long and slender eyeless species pointed caudal process, and with the anterior with the anterior extremity of the body pale half of the body-segments marked with and a line of blood-red spots on each side of transverse grooves. the body. A common strawberry pest. ARACHNIDA Spiders, etc. So very little research has been made in connection with members of this order, so far as the county of Surrey is concerned, that it is not possible to consider the following account of the spider-fauna of the region under consideration in any respect a full one. That it should prove a very rich locality when thoroughly well worked is evident from the physical characters and geological formation of the area. It is however scarcely possible to point particularly to any one tract as more likely to repay research than another, though the heather districts of Bagshot and Woking, with the rich river beds and meadow lands, firwood and oak and hazel districts will be found prolific in the various species peculiar to them. In a general way too, wild uncultivated areas are much more fertile in spider forms than those that are highly cultivated. Yet even in the latter case, where isolated districts of wild growth and forest land occur, with cultivated land on all sides, these oases are often found to be more plentifully inhabited than even large tracts of primeval forest. Of the 162 species of spiders recorded none are peculiar to the district, though several are worthy of special mention : Atypus affinis, Araneus marmoreus, Dysdera crocofa, Tegenaria parietina, Ccelotes atropos and Habnia elegans, 178