Page:VCH Surrey 1.djvu/249

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BIRDS 45. Pied Wagtail. Motacilla lugubris, Tem- minck. A common resident, but largely reinforced by migration in spring. It nests freely in the rural districts, and has been found breeding in the South London metropolitan parks. A very favourite host of the cuckoo. 46. White Wagtail. Motacilla alba, Linn. Apparently a very rare visitor, the records of its appearance being few. From its like- ness to its common relative the pied wagtail, it has probably been sometimes, possibly often, overlooked (Bucknill, pp. 133-135). 47. Grey Wagtail. Motacilla melanope, Pallas. A winter visitor of somewhat local distribu- tion, and has without doubt occasionally nested in the county. In some places it may be considered a regular and tolerably common winter migrant (Bucknill t pp. 135-137). 48. Blue-headed Yellow Wagtail. Motacilla fla-ua, Linn. Apparently another rare visitor on migra- tion. It is a summer migrant to Great Britain, and may have in Surrey been some- times overlooked. It has been noticed in the county, but seldom (Bucknill, p. 138). 49. Yellow Wagtail. Motacilla raii (Bona- parte). Rather a common visitor in spring and autumn on migration, and a few, though not very many, remain to breed in the county. As a breeding species it is distinctly local, but as a migrant is often noticed even near London. 50. Tree-Pipit. Anthus trivia/is (Linn.). A common summer visitor, arriving in the first half of April, and nesting freely in the rural districts, sometimes even in the metro- politan area. 51. Meadow-Pipit. Anthus pratensis (Linn.). A common resident, its numbers being in- creased by migration in spring. Familiarly known in Surrey as the ' tit-lark.' 52. Richard's Pipit. Anthus richardi, Vieillot. Yarrell records a single specimen taken at Bermondsey in the early part of the century, and Mr. Blyth believed that another was taken on Tooting Common a few years prior to 1836. The county can only lay claim to these occurrences (Bucknill, p. 142). 53. Rock-Pipit. Anthus obscurus (Latham). One or two specimens of this bird appear to have been undoubtedly taken in Surrey, but it is a mere straggler from the coast (Bucknill, pp. 141, 142). 54. Golden Oriole. Oriolus galbula, Linn. A summer visitor, which from its beautiful 'appearance is seldom allowed to remain long unmolested. It may have nested occasionally in the county, but it has been savagely harried and killed on many occasions. It is perfectly harmless and a lovely and brilliant creature, and if only permitted to live would doubtless soon become a common visitor to this and other southern counties. As it is its repeated attempts at colonization have always met with a sadly inhospitable reception (Bucknill, pp. 64-67). 55- Great Grey Shrike. Lanius excubitor, Linn. A winter visitor of somewhat irregular appearance. As it has been recorded from the county on over a score of occasions, it cannot be regarded as of extremely uncommon occurrence (Bucknill, pp. 85-87). [Lesser Grey Shrike. Lanius miner, Gmelin. A dubious visitor. A pair are recorded to have visited Dorking in 1886, but the evi- dence supporting the account cannot be re- garded as conclusive (Bucknill, p. 87).] 56. Red-backed Shrike. Lanius col/urio, Linn. A somewhat common summer visitor nest- ing in many parts of the county, and some- times even in the neighbourhood of London. It arrives towards the beginning of May, leaving at the end of September. [Woodchat Shrike. Lanius pomeranus, Sparrman. Appears to have occurred on two or three occasions in Surrey, but none of the records are entirely satisfactory (Bucknill, pp. 89, 90).] 57. Waxwing. Ampelh garrulus, Linn. A rare winter visitor of very capricious appearance. In some years it has occurred in Great Britain in considerable numbers, and a few have as a rule been noticed in Surrey during these spasmodic invasions. The last local example was shot near Epsom in 1892 (Bucknill, p. 92). 58. Pied Flycatcher. Muscicapa atricapilla, Linn. A rare summer visitor which has bred occasionally in the county, but not, as far as is known, in recent years. It has however been casually recorded on a number of occa- sions (Bucknill, pp. 93-95)- 207