Page:VCH Surrey 1.djvu/361

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THE HOLDERS OF LANDS and his reeve has refused to plead * concern- ing it. IN WALETON [WALLINGTON] HUNDRED The King holds in demesne WALETONE [Wellington]. In the time of king Edward (it was) and is now assessed for 1 1 hides. The land is for 1 1 ploughs. In demesne there is I plough ; and (there are) 1 5 villeins and 1 4 bordars * with i o ploughs. There are 3 serfs ; and 2 mills worth 30 shillings ; and 8 acres of meadow. (There is a) Wood which is in Ghent [Kent]. RICHARD DE TONEBRIDGE holds of this manor one virgate, with a wood, whence he evicted 3 a peasant who dwelt there (unde abstulit rusticum gut ibi manebaf). Now it renders to the Sheriff 10 shillings by the year. The whole manor in the time of king Edward was worth 1 5 pounds ; now 1 pounds. IN CHERCHEFELLE [REIGATE] HUNDRED The King hold in demesne CHERCHEFELLE [Reigate]. 4 Queen Edith (Eddid) held it. It was then assessed for 37^ hides ; now to the King's use (ad opus regis) for 34 hides. The land is . B In demesne there are 3 ploughs ; and (there are) 67 villeins and n bordars with 26 ploughs. There are 2 mills worth 12 shillings less 2 pence ; and 12 acres of meadow. Wood worth 1 40 hogs from the pannage ; and for the herbage, 43 hogs. It is now valued at 40 pounds, and renders so much. P. 30b, col. 1. IN CHINGESTUN [KINGSTON] HUNDRED The King holds in demesne CHINGESTUNE [Kingston]. It was part of the land which was farmed out by king Edward (de firma Regis Edwardi fait). It was then assessed for 39 hides ; now for nothing. The land is for 32 ploughs. In demesne there are 2 1 With good reason ; for the Bishop of Bayeux had deprived the King of the 2 solins. They were at Greenwich (see the Kent Survey).

  • These, and the bordars on the manors

at Croydon, are the only bordars in Walling- ton Hundred. There are no cottars on royal demesne in Surrey. 3 So lessening the value of the holding. 4 Cherchefelle Hundred became Reigate Hundred. The name of Reigate, Mr. Round tells me, occurs in 1 1 99. B A blank in the MS. ploughs ; and (there are) 86 villeins and 14 bordars with 25 ploughs. There is a church ; and 2 serfs ; and 5 mills worth 20 shillings ; and 2 fisheries worth 10 shillings, and a third fishery very good but not rented (sine censu). There are 40 acres of meadow. Wood worth 6 hogs. In the time of king Edward, and afterwards, and now, it was (and is) worth 30 pounds. Of the villeins of this vill, Humfrey the chamberlain had, and has, I villein in his charge for the purpose of col- lecting the Queen's wool. He also took of him 20 shillings as a relief when his father was dead. 6 IN COPEDEDORNE [CoPTHORNE] HUNDRED The King holds in demesne ETWELLE [Ewell]. 7 In the time of king Edward it was assessed for 1 6 hides less I virgate ; now for 13^ hides to farm. The land is . 8 In demesne there is I plough ; and (there are) 48 villeins and 4 bordars with 15 ploughs. There are 2 mills worth 10 shillings, and 14 acres of meadow. Wood worth 100 hogs. From the herbage, 1 1 hogs. In the time of king Edward it was worth 20 pounds ; and afterwards, and now, 16 pounds, and yet it renders 25 pounds. The men of the Hundred testify that 2 hides and i virgate 9 have been subtracted from this manor, which were there in the time of king Edward ; but the reeves let them out (accomodaverunt) to their friends, together with a coppice of wood 10 and a croft. The church of Leret [Letherhead] " belongs to this manor, with 40 acres of land. It is worth 20 shillings. Osbern de Ow holds it. The King holds in demesne FECEHAM [Fetcham]. Queen Edith [Eddid] held it. It was then assessed for 7 hides; now for none. The land is . 1S In demesne there is half a plough and 2 oxen ; and (there are) 3 villeins and 10 bordars with 2 ploughs. There are 4 mills worth 4 shillings, and 10 6 See 36, b. I (p. 326 below). 7 Ewell, granted by Henry II., in his second year, to the canons of Merton. 8 A blank in the MS. 9 The 1 6 hides less i virgate, with 2 hides and i virgate subtracted, make 13-^ hides ; evidence that the Domesday virgate was a quarter of a hide. 10 Probably Kingswood Liberty, which is part of Ewell parish. 11 Letherhead nearly certainly. In Testa de Nevill it is Lerred ; elsewhere Ledred and Leddered. 18 A blank in MS. 297