Page:VCH Surrey 1.djvu/424

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A HISTORY OF SURREY reign ; but Edward IV. seems to have been in actual residence at Guildford for a short time at least in 1479, when he made a treaty with Burgundy there. The kings also lay sometimes in the religious houses of Surrey, Waverley, Merton, Bermondsey, or in the archbishops' houses at Croydon and Lambeth. Some of the itineraries of John and Edward I. are recoverable from writs and letters dated at various places, and show us how they traversed Surrey. John in 1199 when he came from Normandy to be crowned went in haste through Surrey, for he was at Shoreham on May 25, left it on the 26th, and was in London on May 27. In 1208, leaving South- ampton on March 31, he spent April 2, 3 and 4, Good Friday and the two preceding nights, at Waverley Abbey, moving on to Guildford on the 5th. The wine which his train drank at Waverley had been landed on the Sussex coast at Pagham, and so probably was not brought to Waverley by the route the king followed through Southampton but by a road through Sussex and west Surrey, the use of which can be traced at other times. In 1 21 1 John was at Lambeth on April 5, and at Knepp Castle in Sussex on April 6. In 1215 he was at Guildford and Knepp on the same day, January 21. John astonished his contemporaries by the rapidity of his journeys, but these movements imply passable roads. The old Roman road which we have noticed as perhaps used by the Danes in Alfred's reign the road heading from south-east to north-west near Summersbury and Ewhurst in Surrey, with the Adur estuary and Staines as its probable extremities must have been in good repair still. Both Guildford and Knepp were near it, if not on it. In 1294 Edward I. was on May 14 at Betchworth in Surrey ; on the 1 6th at Holebrook near Warnham, just over the Sussex border ; on the 1 7th at Dadesham, also just in Sussex; and on the igth at East Dene on his way to Chichester. We can say with certainty that he must have followed the Pilgrims' Way from Betchworth for a very few miles till near Box Hill it cut the Stone Street, which connected London and Chichester ; that he went down the Stone Street, turning off from it a little way to sleep at Holebrook, then crossed it to sleep at Dadesham, then followed it again, probably to the South Downs, where he turned off beyond the forest to East Dene. In 1 305 Edward was at Stoke d'Abernon on May 29, from June 2 to June 7 at Guildford, from the 8th to the I2th at the nunnery at Witley, and went thence by way of Midhurst and Cocking to Chichester. This seems to imply the use of the road spoken of above through west Surrey. It is likely that the British trackways through the forest, which the Romans had converted into hard roads, were more practicable than they were two hundred years ago or less, for no one in the interval knew how to keep them in repair. But the main lines of mediaeval traffic through Surrey were no doubt to be found upon the Roman road which came across the north- west side of the county from Hampshire to London, and upon the 354