Page:VCH Surrey 1.djvu/440

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


A HISTORY OF SURREY member of the Council, that the county was ill-affected, and that though there was no open outbreak it remained ' in a quavering quiet.' 1 The people were specially incensed against Sir William Goring who was sheriff the next year. On June 30 Sir Christopher More of Loseley was ordered by the Council to assemble and equip as many men as possible, both horse and foot, his friends, favourers, servants, tenants and others, and to hold them ready for immediate service. 2 It is significant that the county levies are not called out, as Henry VIII. as recently as 1545 had called them out for the French war. The people could no more be trusted by the Government than they were in 1381. On July i noblemen and gentlemen only, from all parts, were ordered to repair to the protection of the king at Windsor. 3 At the same time it was proposed to destroy Staines Bridge to hinder a junction of the dis- affected north and south of the Thames. Kingston was probably secured by troops. Chertsey Bridge was out of repair rather later, perhaps broken down now. The inhabitants of Staines protested successfully and the panic passed away. But Surrey men were among those hanged later in the year. As Guildford Castle had proved insufficient to hold all the prisoners in 1381, so now it was complained of as insecure. In the last year of Henry VII. the care of the prison and prisoners had been farmed out to a private person, who took 40 shillings a year and the fees to look after them. 4 If a similar arrangement continued, the keepers might well be unprepared for such an emergency. It had ceased to be the county gaol by Elizabeth's reign. Sir Christopher More, the right hand man of Henry VIII. 's government in the county, died immediately after this trouble, and his son, William More, became a justice, and reigned in his stead as chief administrator of the county in practice, till the end of the reign of Elizabeth. At this time the title of lord lieutenant first appears as that of the military commander of a county. The office came into existence under Henry VIII., when his administration in Church and State met with local resistance which needed new machinery of local repression. The Act 3, 4 Edward VI. 5 turned it from an extraordinary and temporary appointment into a regular office, transferring to the lord lieutenant the former duties of the sheriff as summoner and commander of the local levies of his county, for suppressing domestic disorder or guarding against foreign invasion. In 1536 Sir Anthony Browne, father to the first Viscount Montague, commanded, and in the first instance paid for, the Surrey levies when called out for thirty-two days' training. 6 Not being sheriff, he was presumably lieutenant. In 1 549, from his presence at Guildford and from his obvious responsibility for the peace of the county, as shown in the letter quoted above, the Earl of Arundel was apparently lord lieutenant. He seems to have been appointed by the regency on August 17, 1547." 1 State Papers, Dom. Edw. VI. 1549. * Loseley MSS. June 30, 1549, vi. 3. 3 State Papers, Dom. Edw. VI. 1549. 4 Surrey Arch. Irani. 1900. 5 Loseley MSS. December 10, 28 Hen. VIII. vii. 19*. 6 Acts of Privy Council, n. s. vol. ii. date cited. 370