A HISTORY OF SURREY and not for Sussex also, following the practice since 1638, and the county members were Adam Browne of Betchworth and Sir Edward Bowyer. But for the borough of Guildford old Sir Richard Onslow and his son Arthur were elected, continuing the traditions of the Long and of the Cromwellian Parliaments. The new lord lieutenant was John Viscount Mordaunt, who had been deeply engaged in the Royalist plots of 1658-9, whose father had commanded a regiment for the Parliament before 1644, and whose elder brother, the Earl of Peterborough, had been in arms with Holland in 1648. Among political changes must be reckoned the change of the incumbents in certain parishes. According to Calamy's list of the Bartholomew Confessors who resigned their livings in 1662 twenty- seven were from Surrey. They included most of the incumbents of the Surrey suburban parishes, of four churches in Southwark, and of Ber- mondsey, Lambeth and Clapham, besides Kingston and Mortlake, of one of the Guildford churches, St. Nicholas, of Dorking and of Farnham. Further away in the country ecclesiastical changes seem always to have been more easily accepted. The rector of Ockley was the only one in the Weald who went out. Later on in the reign there were strong conventicles of Nonconformists at several places in Surrey, notably in Southwark, Dorking and Godalming. John Bunyan was among the preachers who sometimes officiated in Southwark, and he is said tradi- tionally to have visited Guildford. Fox the Quaker had many adherents in Surrey, and himself records his visits to them in his Journal. The struggle between religious and political parties became acute again as time went on. When the Long Parliament of the Restoration was dissolved, Arthur Onslow and George Evelyn of Wotton were returned for the county, and sat in the three Parliaments of the rest of Charles' reign. The former was distinctly of the Country party, the latter not a very extreme Tory. It reads like a return to Elizabethan days when a warrant is signed by a William More of Loseley to the constables for levying fines on persons in Worplesdon who had attended a conventicle at the house of Sir Nicholas Stoughton of Stoke. 1 The wife of Sir Nicholas was informed against in 1680 for attending a conventicle in Arlington. In 1683, when civil war was actually feared, and the Government and the Whigs were arming against each other, a warrant was issued to search the house of Arthur Onslow of Clandon for arms. 2 In 1685, when the king was triumphant, the Quarter Sessions sitting at Croydon bound over Sir Nicholas Stoughton, Arthur Onslow, Esq., and Richard Onslow, Esq., to be of good behaviour, in sums of 500 each for themselves and 250 for their sureties. 3 The Onslows were pronounced Whigs, and it now appears that George Evelyn did not quite satisfy the ultra-Tory party as a county member. The Crown interfered again in the elections which the i Loseley MSS. April 8, 36, Ch. II. * Ibid. July 21, 1683. 3 Ibid. April 8, 1685. 424
Page:VCH Surrey 1.djvu/502
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