Page:VCH Warwickshire 1.djvu/206

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.


A HISTORY OF WARWICKSHIRE long movements of these spiders are distinguished from the more elongate 10. Philodromus dispar, Walckenaer. Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) 1 1 . Philodromus aureolus (Clerck) Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) 12. Xysticus cr hiatus (Clerck) Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) their chief characteristics, enabling them to be easily Drassidee and Clubionidte. 13. Xysticus ulmi (Hahn) Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) 14. Xysticus lanio, C. L. Koch. Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) 15. Xysticus erraticus (Blackwall) ATTIDJE 1 6. Salticus cingulatus (Panzer). Warwick (J.H.B.) PISAURID^E Spiders with eight eyes in three rows of 4, 2, 2 ; the small anterior eyes being sometimes in a straight line, sometimes recurved and sometimes procurved. Those of the other two rows are situated in the form of a rectangle of various proportions, and are much larger than the eyes of the anterior row. The tarsal claws are three in number. Pisaura runs freely over the herbage, carrying its egg-sac beneath the sternum ; while Dolomedes is a dweller in marshes and swamps. 17. Pisaura mirabilis (Clerck) Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) Known also as Dolomedes, or Ocyale, mirabifis. LYCOSID.E The members of this family are to be found running freely over the ground, and carry- ing the egg-sac attached to the spinners. Many of the larger species make a short burrow in the soil, and there keep guard over the egg-sac. Eyes and tarsal claws as in the Pisauridte, with slight differences. 1 8. Lycosa ruricola (De Geer) Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) Known also as L. campestris, Blackwall. 19. Lycosa terricola, Thorell. Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) Known also as L. agretlca, Blackwall. 20. Lycosa accentuata, Latreille. Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) 2 1 . Lycosa pulverulenta (Clerck) Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) Known also as L. rapax, Blackwall, and Tarentula pulverulenta. 22. Pardosa lugubris (Walckenaer) Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) 23. Pardosa pullata (Clerck) Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) Known also as Lycosa obscura, Blackwall. 24. Pardosa amentata (Clerck) Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) AGELENID^ Spiders with eight eyes, situated in two straight or more or less curved transverse rows. Tarsal claws, three. The species of this family spin a large sheet-like web, and construct a tubular retreat at the back of it, which leads to some crevice amongst the rocks or in the herbage, or in the chinks in the walls of outhouses and barns, wherever the various species may happen to be found. The habits of Argyroneta, the water spider, are however quite different. The posterior pair of spinners is much longer than the others in the more typical genera of this family. 25. Tegenaria derhami (Scopoli) Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) 26. Agelena labyrinthica (Clerck) Stratford-on-Avon (J.H.B.) 1 68