Page:VCH Warwickshire 1.djvu/296

From Wikisource
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This page needs to be proofread.

A HISTORY OF WARWICKSHIRE of this road exists, and no Roman remains have been found at Warwick which would justify any such a road (p. 249). 6. MISCELLANEOUS : INDEX Villages, houses, roads, indicate some form or other of settled occupation. We pass on now to notice scattered finds, coins, potsherds and the like, which we cannot refer to any definite place in the civili- zation of Roman Warwickshire. Some of these finds, probably, are so imperfectly known to us that we fail to catch their significance. Others certainly seem to be due to chance. We shall therefore be content to summarize these in the alphabetical list with which our article concludes without wasting words on what must be idle speculation why or how they came to where they have been found. This list is intended to include all the principal sites on which Roman remains have been found, or thought to be found, in Warwickshire. Such sites as have already been fully described are indicated by references to the pages on which the descriptions occurred. For the rest, the sporadic discoveries just mentioned, I have briefly indicated the nature of the objects found and the chief printed or other authorities for them. The items of most interest are perhaps those relating to Birming- ham, Bubbenhall, Eatington, Hartshill, Rugby, Stratford, Warwick and Wolfhamcote. Had the county been better explored it is likely that some, though not all of these, might have claimed a place in the earlier sections of this article. I have omitted from this list, and indeed ignored through this article, a large number of earthworks which though often called Roman have no claim whatever to be considered such. ALCESTER. Village : see p. 236. ALVESTON. See Tiddington. ATHERSTONE. Alleged paving of Watling Street : p. 243. ATHERSTONE-ON-STOUR. One 'third brass' coin of Constantine the Great [J. H. Bloom]. BADEN (BARDEN) HILL. See Stratford-on-Avon. BEAUDESERT HILL. Alleged solitary fragment of Roman pottery, found 1807 : age doubtful. Near Henley-in-Arden. BICKMARSH. Coins of the Constantine period [J. H. Bloom]. BINSWOOD. Coins vaguely mentioned by J. T. Burgess [Proceedings of IVaruilck Field Club, 1873, p. u]. BINTON. Coin of Allectus [J. H. Bloom]. BIRMINGHAM. (i) Coins of Constantine period, found on the north side of Birmingham near Holford or Holdford, where the Rycknield Street crossed the Tame. ' Camp ' near the crossing, very doubtful [H. S. Pearson, Proceedings of the Birmingham and Midland Institute (Archasol. section), 1890, xvi. 36]. (2) Roman coins (dates not recorded) found in constructing a sewer at the junction of Dudley Street and Smallbrook Street, south of New Street Station [ibid.]. (3) Many coins one a bronze Vespasian, Cohen 457 found June, 1816, by a man digging in a garden near the Jews' Burying Ground [Concise History of Birmingham, printed by Jabet (ed. 5, 1817), p. 18]. As the maps of Hanson, Kempson, etc., show, the Jews' cemetery in 1816 (and till 1823) was near wnat is now tne Worcester Wharf, half way along Granville Street to the east of it. (4) Gough [Add. to Camden, ii. 460], Reynolds, Brayley and Britton and others mention a Roman bridge, castle and coins. But this is a mere misreading of a passage in Hutton's History of Birmingham, p. 216, ed. 3. The remains really belong to Derby. 244