Page:VCH Warwickshire 1.djvu/301

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ROMANO-BRITISH WARWICKSHIRE WALTON. House (?) : see p. 238. WARWICK. Some pieces of Samian (three in Warwick Museum, others penes Mr. Thos. O. Lloyd) are said to have been found with bronze tweezers, ' tearbottles,' etc., in the Priory grounds. The details of the discovery have not been recorded, but the tweezers suggest Saxon burials. [For such details as survive see Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries, 1867, iii. 472, ser. 2 ; Warwick Archaeological Society Report, 1867, p. 10 (each mentioning graves, but not the potsherds, tweezers, etc.) ; ibid. 1868, p. 23 (skulls and Roman pottery presented to museum) ; Warwick Field Club Report, 1873, p. II, 1875, p. 12, 1876, p. 40.] These potsherds appear to be the only Roman remains recorded from Warwick. Reynolds [p. 469] refers to coins, but too vaguely to be of use. The reputed Roman masonry under the clock tower in the castle seems not to be really Roman. The alleged road to Alcester is equally unproven. Dugdale (p. 372 note) seems to have been right in saying that Warwick was not a Roman site. Certainly the Roman name ascribed to it by Camden and accepted by many later writers, Praesidium, is a mere guess, utterly undeserving of acceptance. The only Praesidium known in Roman Britain was a small fort in Yorkshire Notitia Dignitatum Occid. xl.]. 1 WATLING STREET. Coins found in the Street, near Higham (i silver of Trajan) [Burton's Leicestershire, p. 131]. WEIXESBOURNE. Burial urn found 1823 [Warwick Arck<eological Society Report, 1843, p. 12 ; Warwick Museum]. WESTON-ON-AvoN. Samian and other potsherds, small bronze boar, coin of Domitian, three Constantinian coins [Warwick Archaeological Society Report, 1866, pp. 1 8, 23 ; Warwick and Worcester Museums]. WHITCHURCH. A 'third brass' of Tacitus, found 1901 []. H. Bloom], WILMCOTE. Well (?), 9 feet diameter, regularly steyned ; containing horns and skulls of animals, potsherds, coins ( I Aurelian). Other wells (or pits) near [Gentleman's Magazine, 1841, ii. 8l ; Journal of the British Archaeological Association, xxix. 41]. WOLFHAMCOTE. At Sawbridge (Salbridge) in 1689 a well was found 4 feet square; in it, 2O feet deep, was a large square stone with a hole in it, on which stood urns of grey ware. Twelve of these urns were taken out whole, and about twelve others were broken by the fall of a stone from above. Under the large square stone the well was sounded to a depth of 40 feet more, getting narrower as it got deeper, but no bottom was reached and apparently no more urns were found [Dugdale, p. 308 ; Stukeley, Iter Boreale, p. 21 (vague) ; hence Gough, Add, to Camden, ii. 450 ; Reynolds, p. 460, etc.]. The account suggests that the urns were all originally perfect and arranged pur- posely in the well. Wells or pits containing urns which appeared to the finders to have been purposely arranged have been found in many places [Victoria History of Norfolk, i. 29$, 296]. No satisfactory reason has ever been suggested to explain such a purposeful arrange- ment, and some competent judges have ventured to doubt whether the finders have not mistaken an accidental approach to symmetry for an intended symmetry of arrangement. WORMLEIGHTON. Wooden coffin, made of a tree trunk, and coins of Constantine found between Wormleighton and Staunton or Stoneton [Stukeley, Iter Boreale, p. 21 ; hence Gough, Add. to Camden, ii. 450, etc.]. 1 Mr. Henry Bradley An English Miscellany presented to Dr. Funtivall (Oxford, 1901), p. 15] conjectures that Warwick is the Caer Wrangon of Welsh tradition the Cair Guiragon or Guoeirangon or Guoranegon of Nennius' list of xxviii. civitates. He takes Wrangon (that is, Gwrangon) to be the name, not of a person but of the Avon. The list is so obscure that it is hard to argue about it, but one would not expect to find in it a site which was not really occupied in Romano-British days. It should be added that some nineteen Roman sepulchral inscriptions, now built into the wall of a bathroom in the Spy Tower of Warwick Castle, have no connection with Warwick and are not of Romano-British origin. Nothing is recorded of their origin save that they were found or detected when the lower court of the Castle was levelled in 181 1, but one of them is known to have been elsewhere in England in the eighteenth century, and their appearance and epigraphic characteristics declare that they were brought originally from Rome. Great numbers of such inscriptions have been brought to England by travellers on their ' grand tour ' or others, and many of these have been lost : some have even made their way deep underground. When rediscovered, they have often been taken for Romano- British antiquities (see the Victoria Hist, of Hampshire, i. 289, note 3 ; and my remarks in the Classical Review, v. 240). The Warwick Castle inscriptions have been examined by the late Dr. HObner and printed in the sixth volume of the Corpus Inscriptionum Latinarum : I have seen rubbings of all, and casts of several are in Warwick Museum. 1 249 32